This paper compares the context of clinical legal education in the us and in continental Europe. It aims to understand whether and to which extent the American clinical legal model can be implemented in continental Europe. It argues that because of the different social and legal environments, this model needs to be adapted to the European context with particular regard to the social justice dimension of legal clinics. It also argues that given the importance granted by the civil law tradition to the teaching of legal science, legal clinics should not be disconnected from legal research, but on the contrary, be framed in order to favour it. It ended by presenting an attempt to implement this approach by describing the functioning of the Consumer Law Clinic of the University of Luxembourg, which was specifically designed to achieve this goal.
On this issue R.J. Wilson‘Western Europe: Last Holdout in the Worldwide Acceptance of Clinical Legal Education’German Law Journal10(6) (2009)359; C. Bartoli ‘Legal clinics in Europe: for a commitment of higher education in social justice’. Diritto & questioni pubbliche special issue 2016 May. Retrieved 2 February 2017 www.dirittoequestionipubbliche.org/page/2016_nSE_Legal-clinics-in-Europe/index.htm.
For example in France since2015the Clinique juridique de Paris provides assistance to refugee students coming to the University of Paris i. Within the programme Migrations the Clinique de l’École de Droit de Sciences Po collaborates with ‘France terre d’asile’ an association specialised in supporting refugees and asylum seekers. euclid the clinic of the University of Nanterre drafted a paper on Protection of Foreign Isolated Minors for the Groupe d’information et de soutien des immigrés (gisti).
See Protocol 12 (2000) to the echr not yet ratified by all eu Member States; Council Directive 2000/78/ec of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation; Council Directive 2000/43/ec of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin.
B. McCabe‘The effectiveness of the legal system in protecting the rights of consumers’The National Legal Eagle7(1) (2001).
European Commission.2004. European Union Citizens and Access to Justice. Special Eurobarometer 195 / Wave 60.0- European Opinion Research Group ee. October 2004 www.medsos.gr/medsos/images/stories/PDF/eurobarometer_11-04_en.pdf.
In1845around 40 years after the promulgation of the French civil code which led to a reorganisation of legal studies as to their content was already proposed by Édouard-René Lefebvre de Laboulaye Ministre de l’instruction publique in his report ‘Quelques reflexions sur l’enseignement du droit en France à l’occasion des réponses faites par les Facultés concnernées’. www.fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Quelques_r%C3%A9flexions_sur_l%E2%80%99enseignement_du_droit_en_France.
A. Lamparello and Ch. MacLean‘No Shoehorn Required: How a Required, Three-Year, Persuasion-Based Legal Writing Program Easily Fits Within the Broader Law School Curriculum’Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing23(1) (2014) 3 at 7.