Focusing on the evolution of China’s interactions with Egypt and the parties to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, this article aims to understand the contexts that encourage increased synergy between Middle Eastern actors and emerging powers. Based on a wide collection of data and a constructivist approach that negates neither realist nor liberal premises but rather enriches them with the role of ideas and identities, the article posits that the observed developments are constitutive of a reordering of global balances. This reordering is seen as challenging the Western-dominated status quo ante, not through the deconstruction of the international system but rather through a resistance to the Western monopoly over the latter’s evolution and over the production and interpretation of norms.
In2014, Egyptian exports to China totalled 1.16 billion USD whereas imports from China reached 10.46 billion. In addition, Cairo sells mostly raw material while China trades finished goods.
See Mohammed Turki Al-Sudairi, ‘Among old friends: a history of the Palestinian community in China’, Middle East Institute(27 March 2015); www.mei.edu/content/map/among-old-friends-history-palestinian-community-china.
Chen Yiyi, ‘A positive role for China in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict’, China Policy Institute Blog(26 February 2015), University of Nottingham, https://blogs.nottingham.ac.uk/chinapolicyinstitute/2015/02/26/will-china-interfere-with-the-israeli-palestinian-conflict/.