Social determinants of health are major contributors to population health as well as health inequalities. The public perception that health inequalities that arise from these social determinants are unjust seems to be widespread across societies. Nevertheless, there is also scepticism about the progress in the implementation of actual policies to reduce health inequalities. Scholars, activists and policy makers from various disciplinary backgrounds increasingly stress the value of the human rights approach to support policies addressing health inequalities, and to hold actors in policies to address social determinants accountable for these inequalities. The ‘right to health’, in conjunction with the other health-related human rights, captures most elements of social determinants of health, and makes clear appeals to the governmental authorities at all levels to take action when social injustices occur. Existing judicial and non-judicial cases show us how human rights can be instrumental in addressing inequalities in health.
P. Hunt‘Missed opportunities: human rights and the Commission on Social Determinants of Health’Global Health Promotion16 (2009) 36-44; S. Venkatapuram R. Bell and M. Marmot ‘The right to sutures: social epidemiology human rights and social justice’ Health and Human Rights 12 (2010) 3-16; A.R. Chapman ‘The social determinants of health health equity and human rights’ Health and Human Rights 12 (2010) 17-30; P. Braveman ‘Social conditions health equity and human rights’ Health and Human Rights 12 (2010) 31-48; B. Toebes A. Hendriks and K. Stronks ‘Health Inequalities and the Social Determinants of Health’ in: B. Toebes et al. (eds.) Health and Human Rights in Europe (Antwerp: Intersentia 2012) pp. 213-225.