Piyyut Commentary in the Genizah

in European Journal of Jewish Studies
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In the following article, the authors present a critical edition of ms. T-S H 10.175. This manuscript is written in a medieval Oriental hand and contains continuous, lemmatic piyyut commentary. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, it is the only such manuscript to be found in the Genizah. All of the piyyutim commented on in the manuscript (to the extent that these are identifiable) were composed by the Classical payyetan Eleazar be-rabbi Qillir. In the edition, the commentary text is transcribed and punctuated, lemmas are marked as such, and the piyyutim that are commented on are identified, along with the biblical and midrashic sources that the commentary employs. The commentary text is analyzed, with special stress on the hermeneutic technique that informs its composition. Together with this analysis, the authors provide an overview of the evidence for piyyut commentary that may be gleaned from the Genizah manuscripts.

Piyyut Commentary in the Genizah

in European Journal of Jewish Studies




Shulamit ElizurRabbi Elazar be-rabbi Kallir—kedushta’ot le-yom mattan torah ( Jerusalem: Mekize Nirdamim2000).


The text is published from ENA 4020.18 in Jacob Mann “Iyyunim shonim le-ḥeker tekufat ha-ge’onim” Tarbiṣ 6 (1934): 80–83. See also the notes of Ḥanokh Yalon Pirke lashon ( Jerusalem: Bialik Institute 1971) 457–58. For Sahlan see Elino’ar Bareket “Sahlan ben Avraham” Tarbiṣ 52 (1982): 17–40.


See Joseph MarcusGinze shirah u-fiyyut (New York: Anglo-Hebrew Publishing Company1933) 95.


See Ḥanokh AlbekMidrash Bereshit Rabbati ( Jerusalem: Mekize Nirdamim1940) 44.


Published in Ezra Fleischer“Mivnim strofiyim me’en-azori’yim ba-piyyut ha-kadum,” Ha-Sifrut 2 (1969): 224–29.


Alexander Scheiber“Piyyut Killiri ha-muva al-yede Kirkisani,” in Genizah Publications in Memory of David Kaufmann9–35. The gloss is noted on p. 11.


Menahem Zulay“Le-toledot ha-piyyut be-ereṣ yisra’el,” Studies of the Research Institute for Hebrew Poetry in Jerusalem 5 (1939): 165–69.


Menahem ZulayHa-askolah ha-payyetanit shel Rav Se’adyah Ga’on165–69.


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