Albanian Migration in Greece: Understanding Irregularity in a Time of Crisis

in European Journal of Migration and Law
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The third decade of Albanian migration to Greece signalled a historical change in the human geography of Greece’s largest migrant group. The impact of the economic recession and the visa-free regime for Albanians entering the European Union shaped a new fluid reality for Albanian irregular migration. This paper explores the impact of the socio-economic transformation processes on the migrants’ legal status vis-à-vis irregular status and integration dynamics. The emerging mobility strategies are conceptualized as a migrants’ agency that overcome socio-economic barriers or policy restrictions and navigate them. This paper goes beyond the legality-irregularity dichotomy, suggesting it is the multidimensional ‘in-between’ space of semi-irregular status where apparently ‘irregular’ Albanians interact with various forms of agency. Our aim is to explore how the irregular/legal nexus developed within the Balkan in the specific context of Greece. The empirical analysis draws on in-depth interviews with 94 Albanians and 13 stakeholders in Greece and Albania.

Albanian Migration in Greece: Understanding Irregularity in a Time of Crisis

in European Journal of Migration and Law

Sections

References

ArangoJ. JolyD. ‘Theories of International Migration’ International Migration in the New Millennium: Global Movement and Settlement 2004 Ashgate Routledge 15 35

BakewellO.de HaasH.KubalA. ‘Migration systems, pioneers and the role of agency’ IMI Working Paper Series 48 2011 accessed 30 November 2015 Oxford IMI available online at http://www.imi.ox.ac.uk/pdfs/wp/wp-48-11.pdf

BerntsenL. ‘Reworking labour practices: on the agency of unorganized mobile migrant construction workers’ Work Employment and Society 2016 30 472 488

BommesM.SciortinoG. BommesM.SciortinoG. ‘In lieu of a conclusion: Steps towards a conceptual framework for the study of irregular migration’ Foggy Social Structures. Irregular Migration European Labour Markets and the Welfare State. IMISCOE Research 2011 Amsterdam Amsterdam University Press 213 226 G.

CastleS.MillerM. The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World 2009 Basingstoke Houndmills

de HaasH. ‘The Internal Dynamics of Migration Processes: A Theoretical Inquiry’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2010 36 1587 1617 (2010)

DüvellF. DüvellF. ‘Reframing the Irregular Migration Dilemma’ Illegal Immigration in Europe Beyond Control? 2006 London Palgrave Macmillan 223 243

DüvellF. ‘Clandestine migration in Europe’ Social Science Information 2008 47 479 497

FaistTh. The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces 2000 Oxford Oxford University Press

frontex Annual Risk Analysis 2014 2014 accessed: 5 March 2015 available online at http://frontex.europa.eu/assets/Publications/Risk_Analysis/FRAN_Q2_2014.pdf

GemiE. Albanian Irregular Migration to Greece. A New Typology of Crisis Deliverable 2.1. Background Report: Migration System 1 (Albania) IRMA Project ELIAMEP 2013 accessed 15 October 2015 available online at: http://irma.eliamep.gr/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/IRMA-Background-Report_ALBANIA.pdf

GemiE. ‘Transnational practices of Albanian families during the Greek crisis: unemployment, de-regularization and return’ International Review of Sociology 2014 24 406 421

Greek Ministry of the Interior Database on stay permits (30 October 2015) 2015 accessed 15 November 2015 available online at http://www.ypes.gr/el/Generalsecretariat_PopulationSC/general_directorate_migratation/diefthinsi_metanasteftikis_politikhs/

HatziprokopiouP.TriandafyllidouA. Governing Irregular Migration: States, Migrants and Intermediaries at the Age of Globalisation IRMA concept paper ELIAMEP 2013 accessed 15 September 2015 available online at http://irma.eliamep.gr/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/IRMA-Concept-Paper-EN.pdf

ika — Social Security Foundation Monthly Data on Employment for IKA-ETAM: April 2015 2015 accessed 23 November 2015 available online at http://www.ika.gr/gr/infopages/stats/stat_report_results.cfm

instat Migracioni ne Shqiperi Regjistrimi i popullsise dhe i banesave 2011 Tirana INSTAT

iom and instat Return Migration and Reintegration in Albania 2013 2014 accessed 30 October 2015 available online at http://www.instat.gov.al/media/255982/return_migration_and_reintegration_in_albania_2013_.pdf

JandlM.HollomeyC.GenderaS.StepienA.BilgerV. Migration and Irregular Work in Austria. A Case Study of the Structure and Dynamics of Irregular Foreign Employment in Europe at the Beginning of the 21st Century IMISCOE Reports 2009 Amsterdam Amsterdam University Press V.

KatzC. Growing up Global: Economic Restructuring and Children’s Everyday Lives 2004 Minneapolis, MN University of Minnesota Press

KingR.MaiN. Out of Albania 2008 Oxford Berghahn

KubalA. ‘Conceptualizing semi-legality in migration research’ IMI Working Paper Series 58 2012 accessed 25 October 2015 Oxford IMI available online at ///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/isogeio1/My%20Documents/Downloads/WP58%20Conceptualizing%20Semi-Legality.pdf

LindahlH. ‘A-legality: post-nationalism and the question of legal boundaries’ Modern Law Review 2010 73 30 56

MaroukisTh. Undocumented Migration Counting the Uncountable Data and Trends across Europe 2008 CLANDESTINO project December 2008

MaroukisTh. ‘Update report Greece: The number of irregular migrants in Greece at the end of 2010 and 2011’ Database on Irregular Migration Update report 2012 (2012) available online at http://irregular-migration.net/index.php?id=229

MaroukisTh.GemiE. TriandafyllidouA. ‘Circular Migration between Greece and Albania: beyond the state?’ Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood: Choice or Necessity? 2013 Oxford Oxford University Press chapter 4.

MasseyD.S.ArangoJ.HugoG.KouaouciA.PellegrinoA.TaylorE.J. ‘Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal’ Population and Development Review 1993 19 431 466

MenjívarC. ‘Liminal legality: Salvadoran and Guatemalan immigrants’ lives in the United States’ American Journal of Sociology 2006 111 999 1037

PenninxRRoosbladJ. Trade Unions Immigration and Immigrants in Europe 1960–1993: A Comparative Study of the Attitudes and Actions of Trade Unions in Seven West European Countries 2000 New York, NY Berghahn Books

PioreM.J. Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies 1979 New York, NY Cambridge University Press

PortesA. Globalisation from Below: The Rise of Transnational Communities 1997 Princeton, NJ Princeton University

ReyneriE. Migrants’ Involvement in Irregular Employment in the Mediterranean Countries of the European Union 2001 Geneva International Labour Organization

RigoE. SquireV. ‘Citizens Despite Borders: Challenges to the Territorial Order of Europe’ The Contested Politics of Mobility: Border Zones and Irregularity 2011 London Routledge

RoA — Republic of Albania Strategy on Reintegration of Returned Albanian citizens 2010–2015 2010 June

RuhsM.AndersonB. ‘Semi-compliance and illegality in migrant labour markets: an analysis of migrants, employers and the state in the UK’ Population Space and Place 2010 16 195 211

SassenS. The Global City 1991 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

SchuckP. Citizens Strangers and in-Betweens 1998 Oxford Westview Press

TriandafyllidouA. ‘Circular migration between the eu and its Neighbours. A comparative analysis’ METOIKOS Comparative paper 2011 accessed 15 July 2015 San Domenico di Fiesole European University Institute available online at http://www.eui.eu/Projects/METOIKOS/Documents/METOIKOSComparativepaper.pdf

TriandafyllidouA. Migrant Livelihoods during the Greek crisis: Coping Strategies and the Decision to Return 2013 unpublished paper

TriandafyllidouA. Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies 2016 London Routledge

VullnetariJ. The dynamics between internal and international migration: a development oriented ethnographic study in Albania 2009 Unpublished PhD dissertation University of Sussex Hove

VullnetariJ.KingR. ‘Gendering remittances in Albania: a human and social development perspective’ Gender & Development 2011 19 39 51

WaldingerR.D.LichterM.I. How the Other Half Works: Immigration and the Social Organization of Labour 2003 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

Greek Police Statistical data on irregular migration 2014 2014a accessed 30 September 2015 available online at http://www.astynomia.gr/index.php?option=ozo_content&perform=view&id=38019&Itemid=73&lang=

Greek Police Irregular migrants arrested for irregular entry and stay by nationality, 2014 2014b accessed 30 September 2015 available online at http://www.astynomia.gr/images/stories//2014/statistics14/allod2014/statistics_all_2014_sull_yphkoothta.JPG

ικα — Social Security Foundation ‘Monthly Employment Data: May 2014’ 2014 accessed 30 September 2015 available online at http://www.ika.gr/gr/infopages/news/apasxolisi_05_2014.pdf

lfs — Labour Force Survey Labour Force Survey 3rd Quarter 2012 2012 accessed 30 September 2016 Athens Greek Statistical Authority available online at http://www.statistics.gr/documents/20181/508792cb-bda7-48e6-bfde-d7118fea39fa

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 29 29 20
Full Text Views 12 12 12
PDF Downloads 3 3 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0