Founding a Monastery on Athos under Early Ottoman Rule: The typikon of Stauroniketa

in Endowment Studies
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The best-attested and most important endowments of Orthodox Christians in the medieval world were created by means of foundation charters (ktetorika typika). Via a typikon, a founder or ktetor was able to regulate the present and future functioning of his (invariably monastic) endowment, often in minute and voluminous detail. Of particular interest for the topic of this special issue of ENDS are some post-Byzantine monastic foundation charters, which hitherto have received almost no scholarly scrutiny. Among these charters is the testament of the patriarch Jeremiah i for the Stauroniketa Monastery on Mount Athos. His monastic charter demonstrates the continuity of Byzantine endowment practices in the first centuries of Ottoman rule, yet also underlines new difficulties for monastic founders attempting to adapt the quintessentially medieval Christian practice of composing typika to the strictures of an Islamic legal regime.

Founding a Monastery on Athos under Early Ottoman Rule: The typikon of Stauroniketa

in Endowment Studies

Sections

References

bfmd = Ed. John Thomas and Angela Constantinides Hero. Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents. Washington (dc) 2000 .

Chrysobull of Alexis iv and John iv = Ed. Laurent V. . “Deux chrysobulles inédits des empereurs de Trébizonde Alexis iv – Jean iv et David ii .” Aρχείον Πόντου 181953241278 at 256–270 (Chrysobull A).

George of AntiochCharter for St. Mary’s of the Admiral = Ed. Cusa S. . I diplomi Greci ed Arabici di Sicilia. Palermo 1868: 6870 (no. 5).

IgnatiosTypikon of Leimonos Monastery = “Ἡ διαθήκη τοῦ κτήτορος Ἰγνατίου ἱερομονάχου καὶ πνευματικοῦ πατὸς.” Eκκλεσιαστικὴ Aλήθεια 4188218837477.

Karapas Grant = Ed. Gabriel Stauroniketianos. “Ἔγγραφον ὀθωμ. ἰδιοκτητικόν (χοδζέτιον) ἀναφέρον διά τά ἐν τῇ νήσῳ Λήμνῳ 6 ὀσπίτια τῆς Mονῆς Σταυρονικήτα μετὰ ἐξαρτημάτων καί ὑδρομύλου ἐν τῳ χωρίῳ Kαραπάς κείμενα.” Γρηγόριος ὁ Παλαμᾶς 4 1920599600.

Manuel Malaxos Historia politica et patriarchica Constantinopoleos = Ed. Bekkerus Immanuel . Historia politica et patriarchica Constantinopoleos. Epirotica. Bonn 1849.

Patriarch Jeremiah i Acts = Ed. Stroumpakes Michael . Iερεμίας A’- Πατριάρχης Kωνσταντινουπόλεως (1522–1546). O Bίος και το Έργο του. Athens: 277370.

Sultan Suleiman iFirman for Gero-Loulou = Ed. Gabriel Stauroniketianos. “Φερμάνιον τοῦ Σουλτάνου Σουλεϋμάν Χάν A΄ τοῦ Nομοθέτου ἀναφέρον διά τό ἐν τῇ νήσῳ Λήμνῳ Mετόχιον τῆς Mονῆς Σταυρονικήτα τὸ ἐπονομαζόμενον τοῦ Γέρο-Λούλου.” Γρηγόριος ὁ Παλαμᾶς 4 1920: 598599.

Balivet 2007 = Balivet Michel . Église et clercs byzantins dans l’épopée turque .” Byzantinische Forschungen 29: 4978.

Beljakova 2016 = Beljakova Eleva V. . “Der Skit als besondere Organisationsform mönchischen Lebens.” Ed. Steindorff Ludwig and Auge Olivier . Monastische Kultur als transkonfessionelles Phänomen. Beiträge einer deutsch-russischen interdisziplinären Tagung in Vladimir und Suzdal. Berlin and Boston: 101117.

Borgolte 2014 = Borgolte Michael . Interkulturelle Perspektiven: Stiftung – Mittelalterliche Sprachgebrauch und moderner Begriff.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band i: Grundlagen. Berlin: 1923.

Borgolte 2015 = Borgolte Michael . “Foundations ›for the Salvation of the Soul‹ – an Exception in World History?Medieval Worlds 1: 86105.

Borgolte 2017 = Borgolte Michael . “Five Thousand Years of Foundations: A Typology from Mesopotamia to the usa .” Endowment Studies 1: 6095.

Chitwood 2014a = Chitwood Zachary . “Griechisch-orthodoxe Christen: Periodisierungen.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band i: Grundlagen. Berlin: 212229.

Chitwood 2014b = Chitwood Zachary . “Griechisch-orthodoxe Christen: Schriftzeugnisse.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band i: Grundlagen. Berlin: 397410.

Chitwood 2014c = Chitwood Zachary . “Griechisch-orthodoxe Christen: Stiftung – Mittelalterliche Sprachgebrauch und moderner Begriff.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band i: Grundlagen. Berlin: 5770.

Chitwood 2014d = Chitwood Zachary . “Griechisch-orthodoxe Christen: Typologisierungen.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band ii: Das soziale System Stiftung. Berlin: 212229.

Chitwood 2016a = Chitwood Zachary . “Griechisch-orthodoxe Christen: Gedenken und Kultus.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band ii: Das soziale System Stiftung. Berlin: 147165.

Chitwood 2016b = Chitwood Zachary . “The Proprietary Church and Monastery in Byzantium and the Eastern Christian World.” Viator 47.3: 2746.

Chitwood 2016c = Chitwood Zachary . “Griechisch-orthodoxe Christen: Stiftungsorganisation.” Ed. Borgolte Michael . Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. Band ii: Grundlagen. Berlin: 554567.

Fotić 2005 = Fotić Aleksandar . “Non-Ottoman Documents in the Kâdis’ Courts (Môloviya, Medieval Charters): Examples from the Archive of Hilandar Monastery (15th–18th C.).” Ed. Imber Colin Kiyotaki Keiko and Murphey Rhoads . Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: State Province and the West vol. 2. London and New York 2005: 6373.

Galatariotou 1987 = Galatariotou Catia . “Byzantine Ktetorika Typika: A Comparative Study.” Revue des études Byzantines 45: 77138.

Giannakopoulos 2001 = Giannakopoulos Antonis . Aρχείο της I.M. Σταυρονικήτα. Eπιτομές εγγράφων 1533–1800. Athens.

Jordan 2007 = Jordan Robert . “Founders and Second Founders: Paul and Timothy.” Ed. Mullett Margaret . Founders and Refounders of Byzantine Monasteries. Belfast: 412442.

Kazhdan and Talbot = Kazhdan Alexander and Talbot Alice-Mary . “Stauropegion.” Ed. Kazhdan Alexander et al. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. New York and Oxford: vol. 319461947.

Kolovos 2005 = Kolovos Elias . “Negotiating for State Protection: Çiftlik-Holding by the Athonite Monasteries (Xeropotamou Monastery, Fifteenth-Sixteenth C.).” Ed. Imber Colin Kiyotaki Keiko and Murphey Rhoads . Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: State Province and the West Vol. 2. London and New York: 197209.

Kolovos 2016 = Kolovos Elias . “Christian Vakıfs of Monasteries in the Ottoman Greek Lands from the Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries.” Ed. Saliba Sabine Mohasseb . Les fondations pieuses waqfs chez les Chrétiens et les Juifs. Du Moyen Âge à nos jours. Paris: 103127.

Macrides 1987 = Macrides Ruth . “The Byzantine Godfather.” Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 11: 139162. Repr. Ruth Macrides. Kingship and Justice in Byzantium 11th–15th Centuries. Aldershot et al. 1999: no. i.

Miller 2008 = Miller Timothy . “Charitable Institutions.” Ed. Cormack Robin Haldon John and Jeffreys Elizabeth . The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies. Oxford and New York: 621629.

Morris 2007 = Morris Rosemary . “Symeon the Sanctified and the Refoundation of Xenophontos.” Ed. Mullett Margaret . Founders and Refounders of Byzantine Monasteries. Belfast: 443464.

Morris 2008 = Morris Rosemary . “Documents. Athos.” Ed. Cormack Robin Haldon John and Jeffreys Elizabeth . The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies. Oxford and New York: 136143.

Morris 2010 = Morris Rosemary . “Reciprocal Gifts on Mount Athos in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries.” Ed. Davies Wendy and Fouracre Paul . The Languages of the Gift in the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge and New York: 171192.

Mullett 2007 = Mullett Margaret . “Founders, Refounders, Second Founders, Patrons.” Ed. Mullett Margaret . Founders and Refounders of Byzantine Monasteries. Belfast: 127.

Müller 2005 = Müller Andreas . Berg Athos. Geschichte einer Mönchsrepublik. Munich.

Nicol 2 1975 = Meteora. The Rock Monasteries of Thessaly. London 1975.

Oikonomides 1970 = Oikonomides Nicholas . “I.M. Σταυρονικήτα. Kατάλογος τοῦ ἀρχείου.” Symmeikta 2: 437459.

Pahlitzsch 2016 = Pahlitzsch Johannes . “The Development of Christian Waqf in the Early and Classical Islamic Period (7th to 15th C.).” Ed. Saliba Sabine Mohasseb . Les fondations pieuses waqfs chez les chrétiens et les juifs. Du Moyen Âge à nos jours. Paris: 3355.

Papademetriou 2015 = Papademetriou Tom . Render unto the Sultan. Power Authority and the Greek Orthodox Church in the Early Ottoman Centuries. Oxford.

Patrinelis 1974 = Patrinelis Christos . “The History of Stavronikita Monastery.” Ed. Patrinelis Christos Karakatsanis Agapi and Theocharis Maria . Stavronikita Monastery. History – Icons – Embroideries. Athens: 17–38219221.

Rapp 2016 = Rapp Claudia . Brother-Making in Late Antiquity and Byzantium: Monks Laymen and Christian Ritual. Oxford.

Schreiner 2017 = Schreiner Peter . “L’organizzazione del lavoro e l’approvvigionamento dei monasteri a Bisanzio.” Monachesimi d’oriente e d’occidente nell’alto medioevo: Spoelto 31 marzo-6 aprile 2016. Spoleto: vol. 2919944.

Smyrlis 2002 = Smyrlis Konstantinos . “The Management of Monastic Estates. The Evidence of the Typika.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 56: 245261.

Smyrlis 2006 = Smyrlis Kostis . La fortune des grands monastères byzantins. Fin du Xe-milieu du xive siècle. Paris.

Smyrnakes 1903 = Smyrnakes Gerasimos . Tὸ Ἅγιον Ὄρος. Athens.

Speake 2012 = Speake Graham . “‘The Ark of Hellenism’: Mount Athos and the Greeks under Turkish Rule.” Ed. Speake Graham and Ware Metropolitan Kallistos . Mount Athos: Microcosm of the Christian East. Oxford, Bern et al.: 139160.

Stauroniketianos 1919 = Gabriel Stauroniketianos. “Διαθήκη τοῦ ἀειμνήστου Πατριάρχου Ἱερεμίου A’ τοῦ καὶ κτίτορος τῆς ἱερᾶς Mονῆς τοῦ Σταυρονικήτα.” Γρηγόριος ὁ Παλαμᾶς 3: 564572.

Stroumpakes 2005 = Stroumpakes Michael . Iερεμίας A’- Πατριάρχης Kωνσταντινουπόλεως (1522–1546). O Bίος και το Έργο του. Athens.

Taft 1991 = Taft Robert . “Typikon, Liturgical.” Ed. Kazhdan Alexander et al. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. New York and Oxford: vol. 321312132.

Talbot 1991 = Talbot Alice-Mary . “Idiorrhythmic Monasticism.” Ed. Kazhdan Alexander et al. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. New York and Oxford: vol. 2981982.

Talbot 2007 = Talbot Alice-Mary . “Founders’ Choices: Monastery Site Selection in Byzantium.” Ed. Mullett Margaret . Founders and Refounders of Byzantine Monasteries. Belfast: 4362.

Theocharides 1996 = Theocharides Ploutarchos . “Recent Research into Athonite Monastic Architecture, Tenth-Sixteenth Centuries.” Ed. Bryer Anthony and Cunningham Mary . Mount Athos and Byzantine Monasticism. Papers from the Twenty-Eighth Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies Birmingham March 1994. Aldershot and Brookfield (Vt.): 205221.

Thomas 1985 = Thomas John Philip . “The Rise of the Independent and Self-governing Monasteries as Reflected in the Monastic Typika.” Ed. Vaporis Nomikos Michael . Byzantine Saints and Monasteries. Brookline (Mass.): 2130.

Thomas 1987 = Thomas John Philip . Private Religious Foundations in the Byzantine Empire. Washington (dc).

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 17 17 7
Full Text Views 85 85 64
PDF Downloads 3 3 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0