How can religious learning-processes found in the missionary context of youth work and the guidance of these learning processes be understood religious-pedagogically? To answer this question, the results of fieldwork carried out in two Dutch cases of Christian youth work outside the church are presented and given religious pedagogical reflection. Religious learning processes appear to be situated in the encounter between youngster and youth worker; that is the encounter through living and acting together as well as through shared discussing of personal, societal and religious questions. This article discusses how such an encounter is related to the position of the church, concerning Scripture and regarding youth workers. It is discussed that churches own social forces for renewing their own practices as well as for supporting communities outside the institute leading in the direction of tribal communities that can meet the challenges and needs of a new generation of Christian youth.
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