This paper highlights recent issues on coastal management in Japan. It first addresses the issue of boundary disputes with Korea, China and Russia. Considerable emphasis in the paper is placed on the Japanese Government's recent mitigation policy for coastal management. Japan's Ministry of Construction once drafted a law similar to the CZMA in the USA, but it has never been enacted due to the opposition of other ministries, which claim that the many existing laws and regulations are sufficient to manage virtually all issues pertaining to coastal use and conflicts. However, Japan is experiencing ongoing conflict between fisheries activity, which has traditionally enjoyed priority status in the field, and all other viable maritime interests.