The Pacific islands provide a good case study of how small island states have responded to the challenges of enforcing their fisheries laws and regulations. The Pacific islands, all of which are geographically small and are in their early stages of economic development, viewed the LOS Convention and the exclusive economic zone regime established as providing the opportunity for generating economic wealth. The area of ocean space under the Pacific islands' jurisdiction was inordinately disproportionate to the resources available to them to assert effectively their sovereign rights. The article examines how they have responded to the challenge. The article discusses the co-operative approach adopted by the Pacific islands and the innovative arrangements developed to control better the fishing activities of fishing states. The article concludes that, while considerable progress has been made, there is scope to improve on current arrangements to make them more effective.