International fisheries governance contains no specific provisions detailing States’ rights and obligations in respect of fisheries in maritime zones classified as falling under the sovereignty of coastal States, namely: internal waters, archipelagic waters and territorial seas. Using a case-study of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, this article demonstrates that there is still a gap in international fisheries governance relating to fisheries in ‘waters under sovereignty’ which requires remedying, and concludes by providing some possible management options to fill the gap.
Churchill and Lowesupra note 4 122; M. Tsamenyi C. Schofield and B. Milligan “Navigation through Archipelagos: Current State Practice” in M. Nordquist T. Koh and J. Moore (eds) Freedom of Seas Passage Rights and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff 2009) pp. 413–454. See also G. Boyles and P. Woodward South Pacific Region Maritime Limits Map (South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission Suva Fiji and Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency Honiara Solomon Islands 1995); WCPFC Secretariat Convention Map for the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPFC 2005); available at www.wcpfc.int/.