Antonio Maria Costa left UNODC in2010. The current Executive Director of UNODC and Director-General of the United Nations Office in Vienna is Under-Secretary-General Yury Fedotov, appointed by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 9 July 2010. UNODC has not published an annual report during Mr. Fedotov’s leadership at the time of writing.
UNODC (2011), supra note 19, p. 11.
UNODC (2011), supra note 19, Chapter 2. Article 3(a) of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol defines “human trafficking” as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs”.
UNODC (2011), ibid., p. 3.
UNODC (2011), supra note 19, pp. 132–134. See also Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Maritime Transport Committee, Ownership and Control of Ships (Report) (March 2003), available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/53/9/17846120.pdf (last accessed 10 November 2011).