Marine Spatial Planning: What Does It Have to Offer Malaysia?

in The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law
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Marine spatial planning (msp) has been gaining traction in environmental policy debates and in emerging state practice as an effective tool for adaptive and multi-scale management, providing mechanisms for the resolution of jurisdictional conflicts between actors in the marine environment. This article reviews its essential characteristics and then assesses its acceptance within the international community, particularly in the European Union and the developed world, as a major tool for environmental protection. Then, taking Malaysia as a case-study, the article considers the advantages of developing msp to resolve multi-sectoral and inter-jurisdictional conflicts amongst the States of the Federation and multiple actors to achieve its economic and environmental objectives.




Malaysia Annual Fisheries Statistics 2012, available at library/get_file?uuid=954d43e4-07e4-405f-a268-bf1e3d8cde43&groupId=558715, accessed 19 March 2016.


Release year 2007. See a/res/62/215, General Assembly Distr.: General, 14 March 2008.


Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, available at, accessed 18 March 2016.


Marine (Scotland) Act 2010, available at, accessed 18 March 2016.


On 27 October 2001, the 24th session of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People’s Congress adopted the Law, which entered into effect on 1 January 2002. See Marine Spatial Planning Initiative, available at, accessed 20 November 2015; T. Wang, in Johnston (n 95) at pp. 581–589; Z. Gao, ‘China and the Law of the Sea’ in MH Nordquist, TTB Koh, and JN Moore (eds), Freedom of Seas, Passage Rights and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 2009) 265–295.


See Johannesburg Summit 2002, Malaysia Country Profile, available at; accessed 19 March 2016, at p. 18.


Fisheries Act 1985.


B See, ‘Navigation fund set up: Move to keep Malacca Straits Free’ The Star/Nation, Penang, 18 April 2008, 28, available at, accessed 18 March 2016.


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