This article discusses the origin of the Persian word ḫargāh, which is used by medieval authors to speak of the trellis tent (yurt). It argues that the word xrγ’xh found in the Sogdian text P.3 written in pre-Samanid Central Asia refer to the same object. It also builds a case for a local origin of the word, and a probable link with kërëkü, the Turkic word referring to the same type of tent.
Durand-GuédyDavid“Khargāh. An inquiry into the spread of the “Turkish” trellis tent within the ‘Abbāsid world up to the Saljuq conquest (mid. 2nd/8th-early 5th/11th centuries)”BSOASlxxix/1 (2016): pp. 57-85.
GrenetFrantz“In search of missing links: Iranian royal protocol from the Achaemenids to the Mughals” in PatelAlka and DaryaeeTouraj (eds.) India and Iran in the Longue Durée (UC Irvine: Jordan Center for Persian Studies/KB Studio2017): pp. 75-90.
JunkaiYang“Carvings on the stone outer coffin of Lord Shi of the Northern Zhou” in Etiennede la Vaissière and EricTrombert (eds.) Les Sogdiens en Chine (Paris: Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient2005): pp. 21-45.
KageyamaEtsuko“The Winged Crown and the Triple-crescent Crown in the Sogdian Funerary Monuments from China: Their Relation to the Hephthalite Occupation of Central Asia”Journal of Inner Asian Art and ArchaeologyII/2 (2007): pp. 11-23.
MiniaevSergei S. and SakharovskaiaLidia M.“Investigation of a Xiongnu Royal Complex in the Tsaraam Valley. Part 2: The Inventory of Barrow no. 7 and the Chronology of the Site”The Silk RoadV/1 (2007): pp. 44-55.
SevortianE.V.Etimologicheskii slovar’ tiurkskikh iazykov iii. Obshchetiurkskie i mezhtiurkskie osnovy na bukvy “V” “G” i “D” [An Etymological Dictionary of Turkic Languages: Common Turkic and Inter-Turkic Stems Starting with Letter V G and D]. (Moscow: Nauka1980).
al-ṬabarīTaʾrīḫ al-rusul wa’l-mulūk edited by Michael J.de Goeje (Leiden: Brill1879-1901). Translated by H.A.JuynbollThe History of al-Ṭabarī: Vol. XIII The Conquest of Iraq Southwestern Persia and Egypt (Albany: State University of New York Press 1989).
UtzDavid A.“A Sogdian Thaumaturgical Text from Dunhuang and the Origins of Inner Asian Weather Magic” in GerversMichael and SchleppWayne (eds.) Historical Themes and Current Change in Central and Inner Asia (Toronto: Joint Center for Asia Pacific Studies1998): pp. 101-121.
WaṣṣāfTajziyya al-amṣār wa tazjiyya al-‘aṣār or Tārīḫ-i Vaṣṣāf al-ḥaḍra edited and translated by Josephvon Hammer-PurgstallGeschichte Wassaf3 vols. (1856reprintVienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften2010). Abridged by ʿAbd al-Muḥammad Āyatī Taḥrīr-i Tārīḫ-i Vaṣṣāf (Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi muṭāliʿāt wa taḥqīqāt-i farhangī 1993).