This article presents a survey of the latest developments in the religious world of Brazil. The author discusses the newest developments in the Roman Catholic Church moving from an orientation on the liberation theology towards an approach directed to a more individual perception of faith. Furthermore she pays attention to Candomblé, the religion of many blacks in Brazil, the roots of which can be traced to Africa, to New Age and to the Pentecostal churches. A very interesting phenomenon is the impact of the scholars. From the religious point of view Brazil is a very interesting country because of the ecclesiogenesis taking place in the country, an emergence of new churches and religious movements.