Missionaries as Communicators of Foreign Cultures

in Exchange
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

This article examines the writings of Finnish missionaries: what the missionaries wrote about local people and cultures and how the content of their writings changed during the latter part of the 20th century, which was a period of major political and cultural change in the countries where the missionaries worked. The data consists of 526 writings published in the major Finnish mission journal Suomen Lähetyssanomat during the years 1946-1989. The primary methodological approach is quantitative, and the data is mainly analysed in a descriptive manner. Statistical tests are utilized to show the association between independent and dependent variables. The results are interpreted with the help of the concept of otherness. Missionaries’ writings reveal a more positive attitude towards local people than local cultures, but during the study period a change towards a more positive attitude to culture can be detected. The longer the history of Finnish missions in a particular region, the more positive the missionaries’ attitudes towards local people are. During the study period, the problem-oriented descriptions of cultures shift to solution-oriented descriptions. These changes indicate efforts towards a positive interpretation of otherness. The study reveals the possibilities that quantitative analysis may open up for mission studies.

Missionaries as Communicators of Foreign Cultures

in Exchange

Sections

Figures

  • View in gallery
    Quantity of data according to decade of publishing.
  • View in gallery
    Categories of cultural, societal and religious issues.
  • View in gallery
    Attitudes towards local people and local culture. Averages in different decades. Scale 1 = unfavourable, 2 = neutral, 3 = approving, 4 = favourable (N = 526).
  • View in gallery
    Attitudes towards local people and local culture according to regions. Scale 1 = unfavourable, 2 = neutral, 3 = approving, 4 = favourable (N = 526).
  • View in gallery
    Descriptions of local culture together with Finnish and Western culture from the 1940s to 1980s (%); n = 132.
  • View in gallery
    Cultural comparisons in missionaries’ writings according to region (%); N = 520.
  • View in gallery
    Manner of description of local cultures (%); N = 520.
  • View in gallery
    Manner of describing local cultures according to region (%); N = 489.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 20 20 12
Full Text Views 69 69 39
PDF Downloads 5 5 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0