The word ideal is often used in relation to will, and refers to any pur- pose or goal which guides that will. However, almost as often the appli- cation of the term is limited to contexts where the notion of perfection is present. Corresponding ideals are: 1 ) the goals of the perfect ("moral") will, and 2) the maximum, perfect goals of the will. In addition to this cur- rent definition, the word ideal also has common currency as a technical term in the philosophy of art. If one is to believe Lessing, the term ideal was first introduced
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9. Zubov prepared several entries for the "Dictionary of Artistic Terminology" that RAKhN intended to publish in the mid-1920s (see Alexander Gabrichevsky, Vasilii Kandin- sky, and Alexander Larionov in this volume) as part of its "Encyclopedia of Artistic Sci - ences," including these and ones on 'idea,' "hieroglyphics," and 'perception.' According to his "Lichnoe delo" in RGALI, f. 941 (GAKhN), op. 10, ed. khr. 247, I. 23, Zubov was also working on other entries for the 'Encylopedia« in 1927-28 that included 'optics,' "the or- ganic," "panestheticism," 'dimension,« "horticulture," 'decoration," and 'the ear." Zubov dis- cussed his research in his lecture on the "Genesis of Scientific Terminology' to RAKhN on October 5, 1926 (see BiulteteniCAKhN [Ml, No. 4-5 , p. 34; 1927, No. 6-7 [1927), p. 36) which, presumably, is when Alexei Sidorov also gave his talk entitled 'Contemporary Artistic Terminology." The translations are made from the typescripts, "Ideal," "Avtonomüa° and "Sintez iskusstv" in the collection of the philosopher's daughter, Mariia Zubova, Moscow. 10. The identity of Fra' Lanna (perhaps an orthographical error here) has not been de- termined.