Wenhua is an important genre of Chinese classical literary criticism. Besides the form of collections of tales and notes, as defined in a narrow sense, there are different writing formats of Wenhua, including theoretical monographs, compilations of sources, annotated and commented anthologies, etc. The four types of critical writings emerged simultaneously in the Song dynasty, thus signified the founding of Chinese classical article-logy and then grew in abundance in the Ming and Qing dynasties. They are rich in insights and artistic experience in the aspects of literature-Tao relationship, manner of writing, poetic state of the prose, genre, writing skills and criticism. After the reflection of “May-fourth Movement”, evaluation of the merits of Wenhua is supposed to be more comprehensive and scientific.