Epistemische Deferenz

in Grazer Philosophische Studien

What is the correct epistemic stance that laypeople should take vis-a-vis epistemic authorities? The author provides an answer to this question based on a critical examination of Linda Zagzebski’s Preemption Thesis, according to which the fact that an authority has a belief p is a reason for a layperson to believe p that replaces her other reasons relevant to believing p and is not simply added to them. In contrast, the author argues that epistemic deference requires a layperson to perform a number of epistemic tasks and involves an active and critical stance that conflicts with the Preemption Thesis.

  • Anderson Elizabeth 2011. “Democracy, Public Policy, and Lay Assessments of Scientific Testimony.” Episteme 8144164.

  • Benton Matthew A. 2014: “Believing on Authority.” European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6133144.

  • Coady David 2012. What to Believe Now: Applying epistemology to contemporary issues. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Douglas Heather 2000. “Inductive Risk and Values in Science.” Philosophy of Science 67559579.

  • Feyerabend Paul 1978. Erkenntnis für freie Menschen. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.

  • Finke Peter 2014. Citizen Science: Das unterschätzte Wissen der Laien. München: Oekom.

  • Goldman Alvin I. 2001. “Experts: Which ones should you trust?” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 6385110.

  • Jäger Christoph 2016. “Epistemic Authority, Preemptive Reasons, and Understanding.” Episteme 13167185.

  • John Stephen . 2011. “Expert Testimony and Epistemological Free-Riding: The mmr Controversy.” Philosophical Quarterly 61496517.

  • Jones Ward E. 2002. “Dissident Versus Loyalist: Which Scientists Should We Trust?” The Journal of Value Inquiry 36511520.

  • Kagan Shelly . 1989. The Limits of Morality. Oxford: Clarendon.

  • Kuhn Thomas S. 1996. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 3rd ed. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

  • Matheson David 2005. “Conflicting Experts and Dialectical Performance: Adjudication Heuristics for the Layperson.” Argumentation 19145158.

  • Miller Boaz 2016. “Scientific Consensus and Expert Testimony in Courts: Lessons from the bendectin litigation.” Foundations of Science 211533.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parfit Derek 2001. “Rationality and Reasons.” In: Exploring Practical Philosophy. Essays in Honour of Ingmar Persson edited by Egonsson D. et al. Aldershot: Ashgate 17–39.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Quine W. V. & Ullian J. S. 1978. The Web of Belief. New York: Random House.

  • Scholz Oliver R. 2009. “Experts: What they are and how we recognize them—a discussion of Alvin Goldman’s views.” Grazer Philosophische Studien 79187205.

    • Rechercher Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stanley Jason . 2005. Knowledge and Practical Interest. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  • Weatherson Brian . 2005. “Can We Do without Pragmatic Encroachment?” Philosophical Perspectives 19417443.

  • Zagzebski Linda 2012. Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust Authority and Autonomy in Belief. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Zagzebski Linda 2016. “Replies to Christoph Jäger and Elizabeth Fricker.” Episteme 13187194.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 213 212 4
Full Text Views 138 133 2
PDF Downloads 28 26 0