Norm Contestation and Norm Adaptation: R2P’s Reframing over Time

In: Global Responsibility to Protect
Gregor P. Hofmann Peace Research Institute Frankfurt, Germany,

Search for other papers by Gregor P. Hofmann in
Current site
Google Scholar
Kavitha Suthanthiraraj University of New South Wales, Australia,

Search for other papers by Kavitha Suthanthiraraj in
Current site
Google Scholar
Download Citation Get Permissions

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institution


Buy instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):


This article seeks to shed light on the question of how ‘meanings’ of an international norm adapt to norm contestation and asks whether and how R2P is being adapted to contestation. We contend that the reframing of an existing international norm by norm proponents in order to adapt it to dynamics of norm contestation have not been discussed adequately in the literature to date. Constructivist research on norm contestation could benefit from taking into account concepts in the new institutionalist literature. By combining the institutionalist concepts of ‘borrowing’ and ‘sharing’ with the literature on norm entrepreneurs and their framing-attempts in norm diffusion processes, we conjecture that an expansion in contestation increases the likeliness of the adaptation of the norm in question along the line of the contested issues. We aim to trace this adaptation by analysing the dynamics of R2P’s change in meaning and focus in its process of implementation.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1285 193 14
Full Text Views 250 37 7
PDF Views & Downloads 336 51 2