India, R2P and Humanitarian Assistance

A Case of Norm Containment

in Global Responsibility to Protect
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This article examines how India understands and negotiates norms for the provision of humanitarian assistance and R2P in political emergencies. Looking at these two related but distinct spheres of action together helps illuminate India’s understanding of international order, and the nature and scope of domestic and international responsibility in protecting populations from harm and deprivation. The article argues that while R2P and humanitarian assistance have both pluralist and solidarist underpinnings, India attempts to contain the meaning and practice of these spheres of action in a manner that is consistent with a pluralist view of international order.

India, R2P and Humanitarian Assistance

A Case of Norm Containment

in Global Responsibility to Protect

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References

1

 See for example Ramesh Thakur‘Find common grounds with critics to work out norm for “responsibility to protect” operations’, Japan Times, 28 February 2002; Alex J. Bellamy and Paul D. Williams, ‘The New Politics of Protection? Cote d’Ivoire, Libya, and the Responsibility to Protect’International Affairs87/4 (2011).

7

 See for example: Andrew HurrellOn Global Order: Power Values and the Constitution of International Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press2007).

8

Kudrat Virk‘India and the Responsibility to Protect: A Tale of Ambiguity’Global Responsibility to Protect5/1 (2013) p. 57.

10

Ibid. p.4.

14

Rosemary Foot‘The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and its Evolution: Beijing’s Influence on Norm Creation in Humanitarian Areas’St. Antony’s International Review6/2 (2011) p. 48.

15

HurrellOn Global Order p. 288.

16

Edward Newman‘R2P and Implications for World Order’Global Responsibility to Protect5/3 (2013) p. 240.

18

 See for example Tony Blair‘Doctrine of the International Community: Ten Years Later’Yale Journal of International Affairs4 (2009).

20

Neil MacFarlane‘Humanitarian Action and Conflict’International Journal54/4 (1999) p. 538.

24

Fabrice Weissman‘“Not in our name”: Why Médecins Sans Frontières does not support the “Responsibility to Protect”’ Criminal Justice Ethics29/2 (2010).

28

Alastair Iain JohnstonSocial States: China in International Institutions 1980–2000 (Princeton: Princeton University Press2007).

29

Jeffrey W. Legro‘Which Norms Matter? Revisiting the failure of “internationalism”’International Organization51/1 (1997) and Jeffrey T. Checkel ‘The Constructivist Turn in International Relations Theory’ World Politics 50/2 (1998).

30

Amitav Acharya‘How Ideas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and Institutional Change in Asian Regionalism’International Organization58/2 (2004) p. 245.

39

Statement by Manjeev Singh Puri 2013p. 2.

47

Virk‘India’ p. 81.

48

Prashanth Parameswaran‘India’s Position on Syria: a tight balancing act’East Asia Forum8 March 2012. Available at http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/03/08/indias-position-on-syria-a-tight-balancing-act/ accessed on 5 January 2014.

52

Pratap Bhanu Mehta‘Reluctant India’Journal of Democracy22/4 (2011).

54

Rani D. Mullen‘India Flexes its Foreign Aid Muscle’Current HistoryApril 2012.

63

Sachin Chaturvedi‘India’s Development Partnership: Key policy shifts and institutional evolution’Cambridge Review of International Affairs25/4 (2012).

68

Andrea Binder and Claudia Meier‘Opportunity Knocks: Why non-Western donors Enter Humanitarianism and How to Make the Best of it’International Review of the Red Cross93/884 (2011) p. 1138.

69

Pu Xiaoyu‘Socialisation as a Two-way process: Emerging Powers and the Diffusion of International Norms’The Chinese Journal of International Politics5/4 (2012) p. 365.

70

 See for example Gumisai Mutume‘Africa Secures new Southern Partners: Controversy over Aid, Investment from China and India’Africa RenewalOctober 2008. Available at http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/october-2008/africa-secures-new-southern-partners accessed 6 January 2014.

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