On 13. and 14. May 1981, in the course of emergency excavations in Odos Olgas 53 in Daphne, Athens, two tombs were excavated, the second of which was heralded as the Tomb of the Musician by the press. The contents were transferred to the National Archaeological Museum and later, after restoration, to the Archaeological Museum of Piraeus. In Tomb I there were found the bones of an adult person in his or her 40s, together with four lekythoi, which can be dated by their shape and the style of the paintings to about 430 B.C. In Tomb II there were found the bones of a young adult in his or her early 20s, together with toys, tools, a writing case with stylus and inkpot, fragments of a papyrus scroll and five leaves of two different wooden note-books (polyptycha), together with the remains of a lyre, a harp and one tube of a pair of auloi with mouthpiece. On the papyrus fragments and the polyptycha scanty remains of writing in the Ionian alphabet can be read. Some mythical names point to poetry; musical notation, alleged by the inventory books to be detectable, could not be seen. The harp is an example of the type called the ‘spindle harp’, which is represented on vase pictures from 430 to 410.
Liankouras 1981; see also Touchais 1982, 533; Cockle 1983, 147.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 19 May 1981: report of K. Asimenos to the director of the National Museum.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 19/20 May 1981: notice of K. Asimenos.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 21 May 1981: report of A. Lempesi to the Director of the National Museum; BE 29/1981, 22 June 1981: letter of Nikolaos Yalouris, Ministry of Culture, to the archaeological authorities.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 19 June 1981: letter of P. Lawson to A. Lempesi; 2 May 1981: report of A. Liankouras.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 17 June 1981: report of P. Lawson for A. Lempesi.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 23 July 1981, statement of A. Glinos to the Director of the National Museum; BE 29/1981, 27 July, report of Dr. Olga Alexandri to the Ministry of Culture.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 3 March 1982: report of A. Glinos to the Director of the National Museum, Dr. Olga Alexandri.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 3 March 1982: notice of the restorer, Antonios Glinos.
NatMus BE 29/1981, 5 May 1982: notice of Director Dr. Olga Alexandri-Tsachou; 30 June 1982, notice of the Ephoros Dr. Vasilios Petrakos.
NatMus BE 29/1981: 30 January 1996, notice of the Ephoros Georg Steinhauer.
NatMus BE 29/1981: 1 February 1996, deposition of Niki Prokopiou, National Museum, and Cornelia Axioti, B´ Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities.
See Steinhauer 1998, 35-44, esp. 42.
C. Terzes, letter of 13 December 2010.
See Wegner 1949, 204 and Tafel 23; Paquette 1984, 190, 195 figs. H1, H2, 201 fig. H13; Maas and Snyder 1989, 152–4, 161 fig. 11 B, 164 figs. 16–17; West 1992, 72 and pl. 22.