The Daphnē Aulos

in Greek and Roman Musical Studies
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Abstract

The present paper concentrates on one of the musical instruments retrieved from Grave II at Daphnē, the wooden aulos. Only one pipe of the instrument, together with its bulbous mouthpiece, was found. In the organological account which follows, the pipe is described and assessed, and an attempt is made to reconstruct it and discover its scale.

The Daphnē Aulos

in Greek and Roman Musical Studies

Sections

References

BelliaA. Considerazioni sugli strumenti musicali e oggetti sonori Sicilia antiqua 2011 7 79 117 2010

HagelS. CastaldoD.GiannachiF.A.Manieri The aulos sŷrinx Poesia musica e agoni nella Grecia antica. Atti del IV convegno internazionale di MOIΣA Lecce 28-30 ottobre 2010 2012 2 volumes 489 518 (Serie Rudiae-Ricerche sul mondo classico 23/2011) (Galatina) II

LandelsJ.G. A newly discovered aulos BSA 1968 63 231 238

ModianoM. Greek artist’s grave yields rare papyrus The Times 1981 (London 25.5.1981)

PsaroudakēsS. Tragōidia: towards a description of lexis and melopoiia 1994 (diss. University of Reading Reading)

PsaroudakēsS. HickmannE.KilmerA.D.EichmannR. The aulos of Argithea The archaeology of sound: origin and organisation. Papers from the 2nd Symposium of the International Study Group on Music Archaeology at Monastery Michaelstein 17-23 September 2000. 2002 335 66 (Serie Studien zur Musikarchäologie III = Orient-Archäologie 10). (Rahden Westf.)

PsaroudakēsS. BothA.A.EichmannR.HickmannE.KochL.-C. The aulos of Pydna Challenges and objectives in music archaeology. Papers from the 5th Symposium of the International Study Group on Music Archaeology at the Ethnological Museum State Museums Berlin 19-23 September 2006 2008 197 216 (Serie Studien zur Musikarchäologie VI = Orient-Archäologie 22). (Rahden Westf.)

PsaroudakēsS. CastaldoD.GiannachiF.ManieriA. The Hellenistic side flute and the Koilē-Athens instrument Poesia musica e agoni nella Grecia antica. Atti del IV convegno internazionale di MOIΣA Lecce 28-30 ottobre 2010 2012 2 volumes 519 54 (Serie Rudiae-Ricerche sul mondo classico 23/2011) (Galatina) II

SteinhauerG. Τὰ µνηµεῖα καὶ τὸ Ἀρχαιολογικὸ Μουσεῖο τοῦ Πειραιᾶ 1998 Athens

SteinhauerG. Τὸ Ἀρχαιολογικὸ Μουσεῖο Πειραιῶς 2001 Athens

TouchaisG. Chroniques des fouilles et découvertes archéologiques en Grèce en 1981 BCH 1982 106 ii 533

ZachosK. ἈνδρίκουἙ. Ἠχεῖο λύρας Dons des Muses/Μουσῶν δῶρα 2003 Athens 165 166

1

Modiano 1981.

2

Touchais 1982: un instrument en bois qui ressemble à une flute.

7

Steinhauer 199842-3.

13

Psaroudakēs 2008202 and Psaroudakēs 2012 524 with n. 24.

23

See Psaroudakēs 2008210Fig. 12 for a drawing.

24

See Psaroudakēs 2008210Fig. 13 for a drawing.

25

See Psaroudakēs 2008211Figs 14-15 for drawings.

26

Sparta G (see Psaroudakēs 1994II Fig. 126 for a drawing) an ‘extension’ section and at least two ‘extension’ sections from Perachōra (pl. V 6b right second from top and last but one) do not possess this outer depression. The Poseidōnia pipes also lack this feature (pl. V 2c). Significantly perhaps all these items are of a relatively early date.

Figures

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    Daphnē aulos: longitudinal (↔) and transversal (↕) ‘diameters’ of the holes.
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    Auletic record: distance (in order of decreasing value) of upper tip of tube to hole I (centre).
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    Daphnē aulos: distances of holes from upper ‘lip’ of mouthpiec
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    Daphnē aulos replica: distances of holes from upper ‘lip’ of reed and scale.
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    Daphnē aulos: bulbous mouthpiece and tubular body. Photo: Author.
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    Daphnē aulos (detail): bulb and upstream end of tube. Photo: Author.
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    Daphnē aulos: tube underside, with thumbhole T. Photo: Author.
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    Daphnē aulos (detail): part of the tube, with holes II, III, IV. Photo: Author.
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    Daphnē aulos (detail): the end part of the tube. Photo: Author.
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    Poseidōnia aulos (detail): mouthpieces, extensions and part of the central sections. Photo: Author.
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    Daphnē aulos (detail): downstream end of tube in frontal view. Photo: Author.
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    Daphnē aulos (detail): downstream end of tube in profijile. Photo: Author.
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    Elgin aulos (detail): bulbs and upper parts of tubes. Photo: Author.
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    Perachōra A mouthpiece section. Photo: Author.
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    Perachōra B mouthpiece section. Photo: Author.
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    Ialyssos F fragmented mouthpiece section. Photo: Author.
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    Agora A mouthpiece section: drawing 1:1 reduced. Photo: Author.
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    Pydna aulos (detail): mouthpieces and extensions. Photo: Author.
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    Perachōra I extension section. Photo: Author.
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    Perachōra Q extension section. Photo: Author.
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    Akanthos aulos (detail): mouthpieces and extensions. Photo: Author.
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    Elgin aulos: X-Ray image. Photo: courtesy of the British Museum.
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    Elgin aulos (detail): X-Ray image of the bulb-tube connections. Photo: courtesy of the British Museum.
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    Perachōra end sections. Photo: Author.
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    Perachōra mouthpieces and extensions. Photo: Author.
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    Auletic record (selection): bore diameter variation.
  • View in gallery
    Auletic record (selection): fijinger hole diameter variation.
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    Auletic record (selection): interhole distances.
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    Auletic record (selection): interhole distances, excluding the Louvre aulos.
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    The reconstructed Daphnē tortoise carapace. Photo: Author.
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    Modern Testudo Marginata carapace with its plaques identifijied. Photo: Author.
  • View in gallery
    The reconstructed Daphnē tortoise carapace with its plaques identifijied. Photo: Author.

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