The Papyrus from the ‘Musician’s Tomb’ in Daphne (MΠ 7449, 8517-8523)

Contextualizing the Evidence

in Greek and Roman Musical Studies
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The author explores the evidence for the earliest Greek papyrus discovered so far (430/425 bc). It was unearthed as part of a collection of writing implements along with musical instruments in a tomb in Daphne in 1981. She attempts to situate the available evidence in context, by investigating how it could be mapped onto the framework of papyrological research and its contemporary literary and cultural milieu.

The Papyrus from the ‘Musician’s Tomb’ in Daphne (MΠ 7449, 8517-8523)

Contextualizing the Evidence

in Greek and Roman Musical Studies

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References

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1

See Pöhlmann-West 20129Pöhlmann 2013 8 Lygouri-Tolia 2014 10-11. Cf. also the report of Liangouras 1981.

2

Pöhlmann-West 20122-3Pöhlmann 2013 12.

3

Simon-Wehgartner 201364.

6

Pöhlmann-West 201239.

7

Pöhlmann 201313West 2013 74.

8

West 201381-84Pöhlmann-West 2012 7-9 Karamanou 2014 38-49.

10

See Pöhlmann 201311-12.

11

Pöhlmann-West 2012Pöhlmann 2013 West 2013 Simon-Wehgartner 2013 Psaroudakēs 2013 Terzēs 2013 Alexopoulou-Kaminari 2013 Alexopoulou-Kaminari-Panagopoulos-Pöhlmann 2013 Hagel 2013 Lygouri-Tolia 2014 Alexopoulou 2014 Karamanou 2014 Najock 2015.

13

Modiano 1981.

14

See Pöhlmann 20139Alexopoulou-Kaminari 2013 29.

18

Pöhlmann-West 20126West 2013 79-80 Karamanou 2014 39 43 47.

19

West 20138083; cf. Inventory (9o Ευρετήριο Αρχαιολογικού Μουσείου Πειραιά) 182.

20

Alexopoulou-Kaminari 201327-28Alexopoulou-Kaminari-Panagopoulos-Pöhlmann 2013 1244-49 Alexopoulou 2014 29-30.

22

See Obbink 2003177-88Betegh 2004 92-135 Kouremenos in Kouremenos-Parássoglou-Tsantsanoglou 2006 19-59 143-272 Sistakou 2014 211-12 214-22 West 1997 81-85 Janko 2001 2-3 Laks 1997 121-42 Bernabé 2007 99-130 Funghi 1997 26-37 Jourdain 2003 xviii-xxiv.

23

See West 198377Janko 1997 62 Tsantsanoglou in Kouremenos-Parássoglou-Tsantsanoglou 2006 14.

24

See Tsantsanoglou 1997110-17Most 1997 131-34 Janko 1997 92-93 Tsantsanoglou in Kouremenos-Parássoglou-Tsantsanoglou 2006 4. On Persephone’s role in Orphic theology see Bremmer 1999 87-88 Graf-Iles Johnston 20132 65 Robertson 2010 91. For the initiatory character of the Derveni text Obbink 1997 40-54 Calame 1997 74-80 and 2014 esp. 179-81 Betegh 2004 349-59 Graf 2014 75-84.

25

See Fackelmann 1970esp. 145 Tsantsanoglou in Kouremenos-Parássoglou-Tsantsanoglou 2006 4-7 Kapsomenos 1964 3-6 Betegh 2004 59-60.

26

Borchardt 190247 and Hordern 2002 64 and n. 170 citing a pre-war catalogue of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (cat. no. 16214).

27

See Wilamowitz 19034Hordern 2002 64-65.

30

West 20137680 Threatte 1980 i 27-34.

31

See West 20137476.

32

See West 201377 citing the works quoting the Hesiodic line which will be further discussed below. See Alexopoulou-Kaminari 2013 Plate ii 12a.

33

West 201378-79; Alexopoulou-Kaminari 2013 Plate ii 10a-b.

34

West 201383-84; Alexopoulou-Kaminari 2013 Plate ii 8a-b.

35

West 201381-82; Alexopoulou-Kaminari 2013 Plates ii 5a 6a-b 7a.

36

See Karamanou 201444; photograph in Alexopoulou 2014 fig. 9. For more detail on the proposed supplements Karamanou 2014 39-48.

37

Karamanou 201446-47; Alexopoulou 2014 figg. 10-11.

38

Karamanou 201439-42; Alexopoulou 2014 figg. 16-17.

39

Karamanou 201448; Alexopoulou 2014 fig. 18.

40

Beck 1964117-22Carr 2005 ch.5 Marrou 1956 41-43 Pfeiffer 1968 14-15 D’Angour 2011 229-32 Griffith 2001 70 Ziebarth 19142 129-31 Jaeger 1939-45 i 34-45 72-73.

42

Immerwahr 196418-19pl. 18.1 Pöhlmann 2009 45-46 Booth 1985 275-80 Bundrick 2005 61-63 Gaunt 2014 107-08.

43

Cf. Lygouri-Tolia 201419-21West 2013 75.

44

See Pöhlmann 199012-13 with nn. 6-7 and Pöhlmann 2009 43-44 and pl. 5. Cf. even earlier the diptychon illustrated by the Euergides painter (520 bc; Pöhlmann 2009 43 and pl. 4). Both vase-paintings were first published by Pöhlmann 1988a 19-28 figg. 1-3 and pl. 34.

45

See Immerwahr 196419-20. For further iconographic evidence Beck 1975 esp. 14-22 and pl. 9-15 Immerwahr 1964 18-26 37-43 Pöhlmann 1988b 7-20 pl. 1-6 Pöhlmann 2009 39-48 Harris 1989 97.

46

See Morgan 199948n. 9 and 60 Carr 2005 102-04 Marrou 1956 43 Bundrick 2005 60.

48

Cole 1981223-27Dillon 2013 406-07 Griffith 2015 50-51 and 2001 69-70 Harvey 1966 121-22 Harris 1989 110.

49

For this representation Glazebrook 200510pl. 4. For further female reading scenes see Immerwahr 1964 esp. 40 Immerwahr 1973 144-47 and pl. 33.1 33.3-4 Beck 1975 55 and pl. 69-75 Pöhlmann 1988b 18-19 Dillon 2013 398-404 Carr 2005 92-94 Glazebrook 2005 esp. 6-10 12-15.

50

See Pomeroy 197760Immerwahr 1964 27-28 Cole 1981 225-26.

51

See Gutzwiller 2007197Balmer 2013 114-16 Plant 2004 53-55.

52

See also West 201376.

53

See e.g. Turner-Parsons 1987232-33 Cribiore 1996 292-439.

57

See Ruffell 2000490-91Storey 2003 269 277.

58

See for instance Dover 198081-82.

59

See Bowie 199758-61.

60

See Noussia-Fantuzzi 2010399-402Bowie 1997 56.

61

Bowie 199755.

62

See Hunter 2014142-44 and for further cases of allusion to Hesiodic poetry op. cit. 123-66.

63

See Ford 200323-24 and 1997 91-92 Easterling 1974 42.

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