The ʿAbbasid harem was at the center of several important studies, particular attention was given to the political activity and networking of notable women, mothers, sisters and wives of caliphs. Similarly, the charity activity and endowments of different ʿAbbasid ladies was studied and compared to male charity activity. Nonetheless, these activities (political networking and endowments) had implications hitherto not addressed; medical services are a case in point. This paper examines several medical choices and medical endowment made by ʿAbbasid ladies between the 8th–10th centuries. The paper will explore the implications these activities had for the transmission and appropriation of Galenic medicine in the early Abbasid period. In particular the paper will discuss the dedication of a medical book to Shujaʿ, the mother of Mutawwakil.
BerkeyJonathan P.KeddieNikki R.BaronBeth“Women and Islamic Education in the Mamluk Period”Women in Middle Eastern history: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender1991New haven and LondonYale University Press143160
DunlopD.M.BearmanP.BianquisTh.BosworthC.E.van DonzelE.HeinrichsW.P.“Bīmāristān”Encyclopaedia of IslamSecond EditionBrill Online 2013. Reference. Ben-Gurion University of Negev. 27 August 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/bimaristan-com_0123
Ed. “al-Khayzurān bint ʿAṭāʾ al-Djurashiyya”BearmanP.BianquisTh.BosworthC.E.van DonzelE.HeinrichsW.P.Encyclopaedia of IslamSecond EditionBrill Online 2013. Reference. Ben-Gurion University of Negev. 07 September 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/al-khayzuran-bint-ata-al-djurashiyya-sim_4265
FrançoiseMicheauJacquartDanielle“Mécènes et médecins à Bagdad au iiie/ixe siècle les commanditaires des traductions Galien par Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq”Les voies de la science grecque étude sur la transmission des textes de l’Antiquité au dix-neuvièm siècle1997GenèveLibrairie DORZE S.A.176179
GreenMonica H.“The Possibilities of Literacy and the Limits of Reading: Women and the Gendering of Medical Literacy”Women’s Health Care in the Medieval West texts and contexts2000ed.AldershotAshgate176
HartmannAngelikaBearmanP.BianquisTh.BosworthC.E.van DonzelE.HeinrichsW.P.“al-Nāṣir Li-Dīn Allāh”Encyclopaedia of IslamSecond EditionBrill Online 2013. Reference. Ben-Gurion University of Negev. 27 August 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/al-nasir-li-din-allah-com_0854
PellatCharles“Badr al-Muʿtaḍidī”Encyclopaedia of IslamSecond EditionBrill Online 2013. Reference. Ben-Gurion University of Negev. 27 May 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/badr-al-mutadidi-sim_839
Yaacov LevCharity Endowments and Charitable Institutions in Medieval Islam (Gainesville: University Press of Florida2005) pp. 120–126. In the Ottoman Empire the foundation of hospitals was a charity performed exclusively by the royal family—including mothers wives and sisters of the Sultan—up to the 19th century. Miri Shefer-Mosensohn “Hospitals and Medical Institutions” Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Science and Technology in Islam ed. Ibrahim Kalim (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014) 1: 290–297.
Suraiya FaroqhiPilgrims and Sultans: the Hajj under the Ottomans 1517–1683 (London, New York: Tauris1996) pp. 110–111. According to a rescript from 1556 an unidentified female lady made specific arrangements for sick pilgrims. She bought a building to house them and built a bath. The income from the bath was dedicated to sponsoring the needs of the sick and shrouds for the dead. According to Faroqhi this action was not only intended for the wellbeing of the ill but for pilgrims in general as the ill and weak stayed in various places such as streets and mosques thus preventing the actual activity the mosque was intended for.
D.M. Dunlop“Bīmāristān,”Encyclopaedia of IslamSecond Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman Th. Bianquis C.E. Bosworth E. van Donzel W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online 2013. Reference. Ben-Gurion University of Negev. 27 August 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/bimaristan-com_0123.
Angelika Hartmann“al-Nāṣir Li-Dīn Allāh.”Encyclopaedia of IslamSecond Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman Th. Bianquis C.E. Bosworth E. van Donzel W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online 2013. Reference. Ben-Gurion University of Negev. 27 August 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/al-nasir-li-din-allah-com_0854; Lev p. 27.
See Giladi“The Individual in the Early Islamic Education System” pp. 171–90. For Jewish girls and the debate regarding whether or not they should be educated see Judith R. Baskin “The Education of Jewish Girls in the Middle Ages in Muslim and Christian Countries” Peamim 82.2 (1999): 31–49 [heb].