Dialectics of the Ideal (2009)

in Historical Materialism
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E.V. Ilyenkov is widely considered to be the most important Soviet philosopher in the post-Stalin period. He is known largely for his original conception of the ideal, which he deployed against both idealist and crude materialist forms of reductionism, including official Soviet Diamat. This conception was articulated in its most developed form in ‘Dialectics of the Ideal’ (2009), which was written in the mid-1970s but prevented from publication in its complete form until thirty years after the author’s death. The translation before you provides for the first time the complete, unabridged and unedited text of ‘Dialectics of the Ideal’ in English translation, including the author’s own subsequent comments on the text.

Dialectics of the Ideal (2009)

in Historical Materialism



DubrovskyDavid Izrailevich Психические явления и мозг Mental Phenomena and the Brain 1971 Moscow Science

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Lenin 1976p. 114.


Narsky 1969p. 78.


Dubrovsky 1971pp. 187–9.


Dubrovsky 1971p. 189.


Dubrovsky 1971p. 188.


Narsky 1969p. 74. [Ilyenkov’s italics – A.L.]


Marx 1996ap. 21.


Pavlov 1966pp. 167–8.


[Kant 1933p. 499 A599/B627. – A.L.]


Marx 1975ap. 105.


Rubinstein 1957p. 41.


Hegel 2004p. 50.


Marx 1969p. 110. [English translation: Marx 1996b p. 103 – A.L.]


Marx 1996bp. 62.


Marx 1996bp. 103.


Marx 1996bp. 82.


Keynes 2006p. 145.


Marx 1975bp. 277.


Leontyev 1972; Meshcheryakov 1974.


Leontyev 1975.


Leontyev 1975p. 134.


Marx 1987p. 76.


Lifshits 1972p. 130.

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