Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010

in Historical Materialism
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Abstract

This review-essay looks at a recent trilogy of works on Israeli history, the political history of the relationship between the United States and Israel, and the effect of the Israel lobby on the relationship between the two states. While the books attempt to construct a narrative that essentially blame the lobby for close to one hundred years of American malfeasance in the Middle East, they falter due to their idealism, their weak grasp of regional political economy and American capital accumulation, and their conspiracism. Instead, this review proposes a reinterpretation of regional political economy, materially grounding the lobby and the Special Relationship while situating the two within the patterns of accumulation pushed by Jonathan Nitzan and Shimshon Bichler’s ‘weapondollar-petrodollar coalition’, the main determinant of American foreign policy in the Middle East.

Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010

in Historical Materialism

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References

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  • 1

    . Mearsheimer and Walt 2006 and 2007.

  • 2

    . Plitnick and Toensing 2007; Neumann 2008.

  • 3

    . Anderson 2007p. 15.

  • 6

    . Hanieh 2010.

  • 8

    . Feinstein 2011; Fayazmanesh 2003pp. 230–1.

  • 9

    . Ash 2006.

  • 11

    . Petras 200620072008; Sniegoski 2008.

  • 12

    . Machover 2006pp. 26–8.

  • 13

    . Wood 2005p. 159.

  • 15

    . Hanieh 2011.

  • 16

    . Cited as Hart 2009a.

  • 17

    . Cited as Hart 2009b.

  • 18

    . Cited as Hart 2010.

  • 19

    . Hart 2009ap. 146.

  • 20

    . Hart 2009ap. 181.

  • 21

    . Hart 2009bp. 244.

  • 22

    . Hart 2009bp. 248.

  • 23

    . Hart 2009ap. 67; Hart 2009b p. 235.

  • 24

    . Hart 2009ap. 134.

  • 25

    . Hart 2009ap. 135.

  • 26

    . Cited in Matthew 2011p. 32.

  • 27

    . Cited in Karp 1979p. 189.

  • 28

    . Karp 1979p. 190.

  • 29

    . Hart 2009ap. 133.

  • 30

    . Rodinson 1983.

  • 31

    . Laor 2010p. xvii.

  • 32

    . Hart 2010p. 109.

  • 33

    . Finkelstein 2003p. 145 and passim.

  • 34

    . Hart 2010p. 187.

  • 35

    . Wolfe-Hunnicutt 2011p. 204.

  • 36

    . Hart 2010p. 190.

  • 37

    . Hart 2010p. 223.

  • 39

    . Hart 2010p. 218.

  • 40

    . Hart 2010p. 243.

  • 41

    . Mitchell 2011p. 44.

  • 42

    . Quoted in Vitalis 2009p. 164.

  • 43

    . Vitalis 2009.

  • 44

    . Blair 1976p. 81.

  • 45

    . Engdahl 1992pp. 169–73 238–9.

  • 46

    . Elliot (ed.) 1955p. 42

  • 47

    . Mitchell 2011p. 38.

  • 48

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 224.

  • 49

    . Rowley Bichler and Nitzan 1989.

  • 50

    . Gendzier 2011.

  • 51

    . Mitchell 2011pp. 158–9.

  • 52

    . Kuburi and Mansur 1994.

  • 53

    . Spiro 1999p. x.

  • 54

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 244. Much of what follows tracks their analysis.

  • 55

    . Hart 2010p. 257.

  • 56

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002pp. 246–7.

  • 57

    . Quandt 2001p. 104.

  • 58

    . Feiler 2003pp. 164 183.

  • 59

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2009.

  • 60

    . Cockburn and Cockburn 1991especially pp. 211–44.

  • 61

    . Cockburn and Cockburn 1991p. 292

  • 62

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002pp. 84–136 274–357.

  • 63

    . Smith 2009.

  • 64

    . Ash 2006.

  • 66

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002pp. 84ff.

  • 67

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 355.

  • 68

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2007p. 5.

  • 69

    . Finkelstein 2001; Ash 2009.

  • 70

    . Chomsky 1999pp. 27ff.

  • 71

    . Vest 2002.

  • 73

    . Gowan 2002.

  • 74

    . Hanieh 2008b.

  • 75

    . Hassanien 2010pp. 92–3.

  • 76

    . Schott 2004pp. 58–9.

  • 77

    . Bahour 2010.

  • 78

    . Cited in Nitzan and Bichler 2006p. 23. The above paragraph tracks their argument.

  • 79

    . Palast 2006.

  • 81

    . Lomnitz and Sánchez 2009.

  • 83

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 214.

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