Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010

In: Historical Materialism
Author: Max Ajl 1
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  • 1 Cornell University

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Abstract

This review-essay looks at a recent trilogy of works on Israeli history, the political history of the relationship between the United States and Israel, and the effect of the Israel lobby on the relationship between the two states. While the books attempt to construct a narrative that essentially blame the lobby for close to one hundred years of American malfeasance in the Middle East, they falter due to their idealism, their weak grasp of regional political economy and American capital accumulation, and their conspiracism. Instead, this review proposes a reinterpretation of regional political economy, materially grounding the lobby and the Special Relationship while situating the two within the patterns of accumulation pushed by Jonathan Nitzan and Shimshon Bichler’s ‘weapondollar-petrodollar coalition’, the main determinant of American foreign policy in the Middle East.

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  • 1

    . Mearsheimer and Walt 2006 and 2007.

  • 2

    . Plitnick and Toensing 2007; Neumann 2008.

  • 3

    . Anderson 2007, p. 15.

  • 6

    . Hanieh 2010.

  • 8

    . Feinstein 2011; Fayazmanesh 2003, pp. 230–1.

  • 9

    . Ash 2006.

  • 11

    . Petras 2006, 2007, 2008; Sniegoski 2008.

  • 12

    . Machover 2006, pp. 26–8.

  • 13

    . Wood 2005, p. 159.

  • 15

    . Hanieh 2011.

  • 16

    . Cited as Hart 2009a.

  • 17

    . Cited as Hart 2009b.

  • 18

    . Cited as Hart 2010.

  • 19

    . Hart 2009a, p. 146.

  • 20

    . Hart 2009a, p. 181.

  • 21

    . Hart 2009b, p. 244.

  • 22

    . Hart 2009b, p. 248.

  • 23

    . Hart 2009a, p. 67; Hart 2009b, p. 235.

  • 24

    . Hart 2009a, p. 134.

  • 25

    . Hart 2009a, p. 135.

  • 26

    . Cited in Matthew 2011, p. 32.

  • 27

    . Cited in Karp 1979, p. 189.

  • 28

    . Karp 1979, p. 190.

  • 29

    . Hart 2009a, p. 133.

  • 30

    . Rodinson 1983.

  • 31

    . Laor 2010, p. xvii.

  • 32

    . Hart 2010, p. 109.

  • 33

    . Finkelstein 2003, p. 145 and passim.

  • 34

    . Hart 2010, p. 187.

  • 35

    . Wolfe-Hunnicutt 2011, p. 204.

  • 36

    . Hart 2010, p. 190.

  • 37

    . Hart 2010, p. 223.

  • 39

    . Hart 2010, p. 218.

  • 40

    . Hart 2010, p. 243.

  • 41

    . Mitchell 2011, p. 44.

  • 42

    . Quoted in Vitalis 2009, p. 164.

  • 43

    . Vitalis 2009.

  • 44

    . Blair 1976, p. 81.

  • 45

    . Engdahl 1992, pp. 169–73, 238–9.

  • 46

    . Elliot (ed.) 1955, p. 42

  • 47

    . Mitchell 2011, p. 38.

  • 48

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, p. 224.

  • 49

    . Rowley, Bichler and Nitzan 1989.

  • 50

    . Gendzier 2011.

  • 51

    . Mitchell 2011, pp. 158–9.

  • 52

    . Kuburi and Mansur 1994.

  • 53

    . Spiro 1999, p. x.

  • 54

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, p. 244. Much of what follows tracks their analysis.

  • 55

    . Hart 2010, p. 257.

  • 56

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, pp. 246–7.

  • 57

    . Quandt 2001, p. 104.

  • 58

    . Feiler 2003, pp. 164, 183.

  • 59

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2009.

  • 60

    . Cockburn and Cockburn 1991, especially pp. 211–44.

  • 61

    . Cockburn and Cockburn 1991, p. 292

  • 62

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, pp. 84–136, 274–357.

  • 63

    . Smith 2009.

  • 64

    . Ash 2006.

  • 66

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, pp. 84ff.

  • 67

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, p. 355.

  • 68

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2007, p. 5.

  • 69

    . Finkelstein 2001; Ash 2009.

  • 70

    . Chomsky 1999, pp. 27ff.

  • 71

    . Vest 2002.

  • 73

    . Gowan 2002.

  • 74

    . Hanieh 2008b.

  • 75

    . Hassanien 2010, pp. 92–3.

  • 76

    . Schott 2004, pp. 58–9.

  • 77

    . Bahour 2010.

  • 78

    . Cited in Nitzan and Bichler 2006, p. 23. The above paragraph tracks their argument.

  • 79

    . Palast 2006.

  • 81

    . Lomnitz and Sánchez 2009.

  • 83

    . Nitzan and Bichler 2002, p. 214.

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