Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010

in Historical Materialism
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

This review-essay looks at a recent trilogy of works on Israeli history, the political history of the relationship between the United States and Israel, and the effect of the Israel lobby on the relationship between the two states. While the books attempt to construct a narrative that essentially blame the lobby for close to one hundred years of American malfeasance in the Middle East, they falter due to their idealism, their weak grasp of regional political economy and American capital accumulation, and their conspiracism. Instead, this review proposes a reinterpretation of regional political economy, materially grounding the lobby and the Special Relationship while situating the two within the patterns of accumulation pushed by Jonathan Nitzan and Shimshon Bichler’s ‘weapondollar-petrodollar coalition’, the main determinant of American foreign policy in the Middle East.

Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010

in Historical Materialism

Sections

References

AndersonPerry ‘Jottings on the Conjuncture’ New Left Review 2007 II 48 5 37

ArendtHannah The Jewish Writings 2008 New York Schocken

AshGabriel ‘The Israel Lobby and Chomsky’s Reply’ Dissident Voice 2006 20 April available at: <http://dissidentvoice.org/Apr06/Ash20.htm>.

AshGabriel ‘Honest Anti-Racists Lose Out to Zionist Lobby’ Pambazuka News 2009 7 May available at: <http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/56106>.

BahourSam ‘Economic Prison Zones’ MERIP 2010 19 November available at: <http://www.merip.org/mero/mero111910>.

BeharMoshe ‘Unparallel Universes: Iran and Israel’s One-State Solution’ Global Society 2011 25 3 353 376

BlairJohn Malcolm The Control of Oil 1976 New York Pantheon

ChomskyNoam The Fateful Triangle: The United States Israel and the Palestinians 1999 Updated Edition Boston South End Press

ChomskyNoam ‘The Israel Lobby?’ ZNet 2006 28 March available at: <http://www.zcommunications.org/the-israel-lobby-by-noam-chomsky>.

CockburnAndrewCockburnLeslie Dangerous Liasons 1991 New York HarperCollins

ElliottWilliam Yandell The Political Economy of American Foreign Policy: Its Concepts Strategy and Limits 1955 New York Holt, Rinehart and Winston

EngdahlF. William A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order 1993 Wiesbaden Dr Bottiger Verlags-GmbH

FayazmaneshSasan ‘The Politics of the U.S. Economic Sanctions Against Iran’ Review of Radical Political Economics 2003 35 3 221 240

FeilerGil Economic Relations between Egypt and the Gulf Oil States 1967–2000: Petro Wealth and Patterns of Influence 2003 Eastbourne Sussex Academic Press

FeinsteinAndrew The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade 2011 New York Farrar, Straus and Giroux

FinkelsteinNorman G. The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering 2001 [2000] First Edition London Verso

FinkelsteinNorman G. Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict 2003 Revised Edition London Verso

GendzierIrene ‘U.S. Policy in Israel/Palestine, 1948: The Forgotten History’ Middle East Policy 2011 18 1 42 53

GowanPeter ‘A Calculus of Power’ New Left Review 2002 II 16 47 67

HaniehAdam ‘Palestine in the Middle East: Opposing Neoliberalism and US Power [Part 1] MRZine.org 2008a 19 July available at: <http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2008/hanieh 190708a.html>.

HaniehAdam ‘Palestine in the Middle East: Opposing Neoliberalism and US Power [Part 2]’ MRZine.org 2008b 19 July available at: <http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2008/hanieh190708b.html>.

HaniehAdam Khaleeji-Capital: Class-Formation and Regional Integration in the Middle-East Gulf ’ Historical Materialism 2010 18 2 35 76

HaniehAdam Capitalism and Class in the Gulf Arab States 2011 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan

HartAlan Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews Volume 1: The False Messiah 2009a Atlanta Clarity Press

HartAlan Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath 2009b Atlanta Clarity Press

HartAlan Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews Volume 3: Conflict Without End 2010 Atlanta Clarity Press

HarveyDavid The New Imperialism 2003 Oxford Oxford University Press

HassanienMohamed Ramadan United States Bilateral Free Trade Agreements: Consistencies or Conflicts with Norms in the Middle East? 2010 London Kluwer Law International

KarpWalter The Politics of War: The Story of Two Wars which Altered Forever the Political Life of the American Republic (1890–1920) 1979 New York Harper and Row

KuburiA.A.MansurS. UnderhillGeoffrey R.D.StubbsRichard ‘The Political Economy of Middle Eastern Oil’ Political Economy and the Changing Global Order 1994 Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan

LaorYitzhak The Myths of Liberal Zionism 2010 London Verso

LomnitzClaudioSánchezRafael ‘United by Hate’ Boston Review 2009 34 4 available at: <http://bostonreview.net/BR34.4/lomnitz_sanchez.php>.

MachoverMoshé ‘Israelis and Palestinians: Conflict and Resolution’2006 available at: <http://www.amielandmelburn.org.uk/articles/moshe%20machover%20%202006lecture_b.pdf>.

MassadJoseph ‘Blaming the Lobby’ Al-Ahram Weekly 2006 23–9 March available at: <http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2006/787/op35.htm>.

MatthewWilliam M. ‘War-Time Contingency and the Balfour Declaration of 1917: An Improbable Regression’ Journal of Palestine Studies 2011 40 2 26 42

MearsheimerJohnWaltStephen ‘The Israel Lobby’ London Review of Books 2006 28 6 3 12

MearsheimerJohnWaltStephen The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy 2007 New York Farrar, Straus and Giroux

MitchellTimothy Carbon Democracy 2011 London Verso

NeumannMichael ‘Examining the Israel Lobby’ Journal of Palestine Studies 2008 37 3 96 98

NitzanJonathanBichlerShimshon The Global Political Economy of Israel 2002 London Pluto Press

NitzanJonathanBichlerShimshon ‘Cheap Wars’ The Economy of the Occupation: A Socioeconomic Bulletin 2006 10 1 32

NitzanJonathanBichlerShimshon ‘Israel’s Roaring Economy’ 2007 available at: <http://www.alternativenews.org/english/index.php/topics/news/921-israels-roaring-economy>.

NitzanJonathanBichlerShimshon Capital as Power: A Study of Order and Creorder 2009 London Pluto Press

PalastGreg Armed Madhouse: Undercover Dispatches from a Dying Regime 2006 New York Dutton

PetrasJames F. The Power of Israel in the United States 2006 Atlanta Clarity Press

PetrasJames F. Rulers and Ruled in the US Empire 2007 Atlanta Clarity Press

PetrasJames F. Zionism Militarism and the Decline of US Power 2008 Atlanta Clarity Press

PlitnickMitchellToensingChris ‘ “The Israel Lobby” in Perspective’, MERIP 2007 243 42 47 available at <http://www.merip.org/mer/mer243/israel-lobby-perspective>.

QuandtWilliam Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict since 1967 2001 Revised Edition Berkeley University of California Press

RodinsonMaxime Cult Ghetto and State 1983 London Al-Saqi Books

RowleyRobinBichlerShimshonNitzanJonathan ‘The Armadollar-Petrodollar Coalition and the Middle East’ Department of Economics Working Papers 1989 89 10 1 51 available at: <http://bnarchives.yorku.ca/134/01/890101RBN_ADPD_Coalition_and_the_ME.pdf>.

SchottJeffrey J. SchottJeffrey J. ‘Assessing US FTA Policy’ Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities 2004 Washington, DC. Peterson Institute

SmithGrant F. Spy Trade: How Israel’s Lobby Undermines America’s Economy 2009 Washington, DC. Institute for Research

SniegoskiStephen J. The Transparent Cabal: The Neoconservative Agenda War in the Middle East and the National Interest of Israel 2008 Washington, DC. IHS Press.

SpiroDavid The Hidden Hand of American Hegemony: Petrodollar Recycling and International Markets 1999 Ithaca Cornell University Press

Wolfe-HunnicuttBrandon The End of the Concessionary Regime: Oil and American Power in Iraq 1958–1972 2011 Department of History, Stanford University PhD thesis

VestJason ‘The Men From JINSA and CSP’ The Nation 2002 2 September: 16–20 available at: <http://www.thenation.com/article/men-jinsa-and-csp>.

VitalisRobert America’s Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier 2009 Updated Edition London Verso

WoodEllen Meiksins Empire of Capital 2005 [2003] London Verso

ZunesStephen ‘The Israeli Lobby: How Powerful Is It Really?’ Foreign Policy in Focus Policy Report 2006 16 May

1

. Mearsheimer and Walt 2006 and 2007.

2

. Plitnick and Toensing 2007; Neumann 2008.

3

. Anderson 2007p. 15.

6

. Hanieh 2010.

8

. Feinstein 2011; Fayazmanesh 2003pp. 230–1.

9

. Ash 2006.

11

. Petras 200620072008; Sniegoski 2008.

12

. Machover 2006pp. 26–8.

13

. Wood 2005p. 159.

15

. Hanieh 2011.

16

. Cited as Hart 2009a.

17

. Cited as Hart 2009b.

18

. Cited as Hart 2010.

19

. Hart 2009ap. 146.

20

. Hart 2009ap. 181.

21

. Hart 2009bp. 244.

22

. Hart 2009bp. 248.

23

. Hart 2009ap. 67; Hart 2009b p. 235.

24

. Hart 2009ap. 134.

25

. Hart 2009ap. 135.

26

. Cited in Matthew 2011p. 32.

27

. Cited in Karp 1979p. 189.

28

. Karp 1979p. 190.

29

. Hart 2009ap. 133.

30

. Rodinson 1983.

31

. Laor 2010p. xvii.

32

. Hart 2010p. 109.

33

. Finkelstein 2003p. 145 and passim.

34

. Hart 2010p. 187.

35

. Wolfe-Hunnicutt 2011p. 204.

36

. Hart 2010p. 190.

37

. Hart 2010p. 223.

39

. Hart 2010p. 218.

40

. Hart 2010p. 243.

41

. Mitchell 2011p. 44.

42

. Quoted in Vitalis 2009p. 164.

43

. Vitalis 2009.

44

. Blair 1976p. 81.

45

. Engdahl 1992pp. 169–73 238–9.

46

. Elliot (ed.) 1955p. 42

47

. Mitchell 2011p. 38.

48

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 224.

49

. Rowley Bichler and Nitzan 1989.

50

. Gendzier 2011.

51

. Mitchell 2011pp. 158–9.

52

. Kuburi and Mansur 1994.

53

. Spiro 1999p. x.

54

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 244. Much of what follows tracks their analysis.

55

. Hart 2010p. 257.

56

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002pp. 246–7.

57

. Quandt 2001p. 104.

58

. Feiler 2003pp. 164 183.

59

. Nitzan and Bichler 2009.

60

. Cockburn and Cockburn 1991especially pp. 211–44.

61

. Cockburn and Cockburn 1991p. 292

62

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002pp. 84–136 274–357.

63

. Smith 2009.

64

. Ash 2006.

66

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002pp. 84ff.

67

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 355.

68

. Nitzan and Bichler 2007p. 5.

69

. Finkelstein 2001; Ash 2009.

70

. Chomsky 1999pp. 27ff.

71

. Vest 2002.

73

. Gowan 2002.

74

. Hanieh 2008b.

75

. Hassanien 2010pp. 92–3.

76

. Schott 2004pp. 58–9.

77

. Bahour 2010.

78

. Cited in Nitzan and Bichler 2006p. 23. The above paragraph tracks their argument.

79

. Palast 2006.

81

. Lomnitz and Sánchez 2009.

83

. Nitzan and Bichler 2002p. 214.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 18 18 5
Full Text Views 3 3 3
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0