The Third Reich as Rogue Regime

Adam Tooze’s Wages of Destruction

in Historical Materialism
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What was the connection between the structure of the German economy in the 1930s and German aggression in World War ii? Adam Tooze’s Wages of Destruction forcefully poses this issue, but fails to adequately resolve it. Instead, on this decisive question, his analysis oscillates uneasily between two equally unconvincing models: rational-choice theory and cultural determinism. This surprising explanatory failure derives from an inadequate theorisation of German imperialism as the expression of the combined and uneven development of the German economy and society in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries.

The Third Reich as Rogue Regime

Adam Tooze’s Wages of Destruction

in Historical Materialism

Sections

References

AdornoTheodor JephcottE.F.N. Minima Moralia: Reflections from Damaged Life 2005 London Verso

AlyGötz Hitlers Volksstaat. Raub Rassenkrieg und nationaler Sozialismus 2005 Frankfurt am Main S. Fischer

AnievasAlexander Capital the State and War: Class Conflict and Geopolitics in the Thirty Years’ Crisis 1914–1945 2014 Ann Arbor University of Michigan Press

BlackbournDavidEleyGeoff The Peculiarities of German History: Bourgeois Society and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Germany 1989 [1984] Oxford Oxford University Press

BlochErnst Erbschaft dieser Zeit 1935 Zurich Oprecht & Helbing

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CalleoDavid P. The German Problem Reconsidered: Germany and the World Order 1870 to the Present 1978 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

HitlerAdolf Hitlers Zweites Buch 1961 Stuttgart Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt

HitlerAdolf ManheimRalph Mein Kampf 1999 New York Houghton Mifflin Co.

JamesHarold Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy by Adam Tooze’ Central European History 2007 40 2 366 71

KeeganJohn The Second World War 1989 London Hutchinson

MannMichael Fascists 2004 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

MasonTimothy W. CaplanJane Nazism Fascism and the Working Class 1995 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

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SpoererMark ‘Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy by Adam Tooze’ Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte 2007 94 526 7

ToozeAdam ‘Einfach verkalkuliert’ Die Tageszeitung 2005 March 12

ToozeAdam The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi War Economy 2007 Harmondsworth Penguin

TrotskyLeon The Struggle Against Fascism in Germany 2001 New York Pathfinder

WehlerHans-Ulrich Deutsche Gesellschaftsgeschichte. Vierter Band. Vom Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges bis zur Gründung der beiden deutschen Staaten 1914–1949 2003 Munich C.H. Beck Verlag

1

Mason 1995.

2

Neumann 1966.

3

Tooze 2007pp. 321 663 668.

4

Tooze 2007pp. 138–43.

5

Tooze 2007p. 163.

6

Tooze 2007p. 151.

7

Tooze 2007p. 213.

9

Tooze 2007p. 282.

10

Tooze 2007pp. 304 322.

11

Tooze 2007pp. 311–15.

12

Tooze 2007p. 316.

13

Tooze 2007pp. 333–4.

14

Tooze 2007pp. 334 430.

15

Tooze 2007p. 424.

16

Tooze 2007pp. 547–8.

18

Tooze 2007p. 511.

19

Tooze 2007p. xxi.

20

Hayes 2007p. 463.

21

Payne 2008p. 33.

22

Tooze 2007p. 658.

23

Tooze 2007p. 430.

24

Tooze 2007p. xxv.

25

Tooze 2007pp. 323–4.

26

Tooze 2007p. 103.

27

Tooze 2007p. 104.

28

Tooze 2007pp. 115–30.

29

Tooze 2007p. 109.

30

Tooze 2007p. 104.

32

Wehler 2003p. 242.

33

Wehler 2003p. 243.

34

Tooze 2007p. 284.

35

Mayer 1988p. 93.

36

Tooze 2007p. 178.

37

Tooze 2007pp. 184–6 194.

38

Tooze 2007p. 197.

39

Tooze 2007p. 198.

40

Neumann 1966p. 395.

41

Tooze 2007p. xxiii.

42

Tooze 2007pp. 135 138.

43

Tooze 2007p. 144.

44

James 2007; Spoerer 2007.

45

Calleo 1978p. 60.

46

Blackbourn and Eley 1989p. 94.

47

Tooze 2007p. 138.

48

Tooze 2007pp. 136–7.

49

Tooze 2007p. 384.

50

Bloch 1935p. 79.

51

Tooze 2007p. 140.

53

Mayer 1988p. 93.

54

Moore 1993p. 442.

55

Pollock 1992pp. 89–90.

56

Trotsky 2001p. 164.

57

Neumann 1966pp. 3–8.

58

Tooze 2007pp. 324.

59

Tooze 2007pp. 321 322–5.

60

Tooze 2007pp. 322 324 664.

61

Hitler 1999p. 654.

62

Hitler 1961p. 159.

63

Mayer 1988p. 90.

64

Tooze 2007p. 324.

65

Hitler 1999p. 35.

66

Mayer 1988p. 280.

67

Mayer 1988p. 210.

68

Mayer 1988p. 367.

69

Nolte 1966p. 357.

70

Tooze 2007p. 489.

71

Tooze 2007p. 538.

72

Tooze 2007p. 548.

73

Mazower 1998pp. 153–4.

74

Mayer 1988p. 203.

75

Mayer 1988p. 351.

76

Keegan 1989pp. 127–41.

77

Tooze 2007p. 338.

78

Tooze 2007pp. 401 423–4.

79

Adorno 2005p. 106.

80

Mayer 1988p. 106.

81

Tooze 2007p. 503.

82

Tooze 2007p. 505.

83

Tooze 2005; see also Aly 2005pp. 327–32.

84

Mann 2004; Paxton 2004; Riley 2010.

85

Anievas 2014; Brenner 2006p. 86.

86

Tooze 2007pp. xii–xxiii.

87

Tooze 2007p. 658.

88

Nolte 1966p. 353.

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