The Time of History, the Time of Politics, the Time of Strategy

in Historical Materialism
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The theoretical problem Bensaïd tries to confront from the 1990s onwards is the problem of the categories that are necessary to account for the traumatically new experience of history opened up by the defeat of the revolutionary experiments of the twentieth century. Hence the necessity of new answers to these fundamental and inexhaustible questions: How are we to understand history in its relation to human practice and to politics? Can we talk of ‘necessity’ in history, of ‘laws of history’, of ‘determination’, or ‘determinism’, or of modes of causality operating within it? How are we to conceive the notions of ‘historical possibility’, of ‘conflict’ and ‘struggle’? Bensaïd’s contribution will focus on a dialectical notion of temporality that implies a primacy of politics over history and a break with the traditional Marxist notions of a historical subject as an internally homogeneous and fully-sovereign collective force.

The Time of History, the Time of Politics, the Time of Strategy

in Historical Materialism

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References

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  • BenjaminWalter ZohnHarry ‘Theses on the Philosophy of History’ Illuminations 1968 New York Schocken Books

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  • BensaïdDaniel Éloge d’une politique profane 2008 Paris Albin Michel

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  • 1

    Bensaïd 1995a and 2009.

  • 2

    Derrida 1993 and 1994.

  • 4

    Bensaïd 2009pp. 188–9.

  • 5

    Benjamin 1968p. 258.

  • 6

    See Kant 1998pp. 174–92.

  • 7

    Bensaïd 1995b1999 and 2001.

  • 8

    Hegel 1970pp. 33–40.

  • 9

    Badiou 2005.

  • 10

    Bensaïd 2010p. 124.

  • 11

    Bensaïd 2010.

  • 12

    Bensaïd 2010p. 230.

  • 13

    Traverso 2010pp. 7–29.

  • 14

    Traverso 2010p. 20.

  • 15

    Bensaïd 2009p. 4.

  • 17

    Tombazos 1994 and 2013.

  • 18

    Bensaïd 2009p. 255.

  • 19

    Bensaïd 2009p. 257.

  • 20

    Bensaïd 2009p. 251.

  • 22

    Bensaïd 2009p. 252.

  • 23

    Bensaïd 2009p. 271.

  • 24

    Bensaïd 2009p. 281.

  • 25

    Bensaïd 2009p. 284.

  • 26

    Hegel 1991p. 22.

  • 27

    Bensaïd 2009p. 269.

  • 28

    Bensaïd 2009p. 270.

  • 29

    Bensaïd 2008pp. 279–311; Bensaïd 2003 pp. 47–74; Bensaïd 2007.

  • 30

    Bensaïd 2008p. 337.

  • 31

    Benjamin 1968p. 261.

  • 32

    Bensaïd 2004 and 2013.

  • 33

    Bensaïd 1995b.

  • 34

    Bensaïd 2008p. 337.

  • 35

    Bensaïd 20072002 and 2011.

  • 36

    Bensaïd 2007.

  • 38

    Bensaïd 2008pp. 233–77.

  • 39

    Bensaïd 2008p. 266.

  • 40

    Lenin 1977pp. 323–69.

  • 41

    Bensaïd 2002.

  • 43

    Bensaïd 1997p. 258.

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