Two Documents by Paul Levi (16 March 1920–8 January 1921)

in Historical Materialism
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This is a translation and critical edition of two documents on the Kapp Putsch and the origins of the united-front policy in the German Communist Party (kpd). The documents were written by the kpd leader Paul Levi and their titles and dates are, respectively: ‘Letter to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Germany’ (16 March 1920) and ‘Open Letter of the Zentrale of the United Communist Party of Germany’ (8 January 1921). They are a documentary appendix to our essay ‘Paul Levi and the Origins of the United-Front Policy in the Communist International’, published in this issue of Historical Materialism.

Two Documents by Paul Levi (16 March 1920–8 January 1921)

in Historical Materialism



  • BrouéPierreArcherJohn, 'The German Revolution 1917–1923', in Historical Materialism, (Brill, Leiden 2005).

  • Helmut Gruber (ed), International Communism in the Era of Lenin: A Documentary History, (Fawcett Publications, Greenwich, CT 1967).

  • LeninVladimir Ilyich, '‘Letter to Clara Zetkin and Paul Levi’ (16 April 1921)', in Collected Works, (Progress Publishers, Moscow 1976 [1921]).

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  • LeviPaul, '‘Der Kapp-Lüttwitz-Putsch und die Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands. Brief an das Zentralkomitee der Kommunistischen Partei Deutschlands’' (1920) Kommunistische Internationale. Organ des Executivkomitees der Kommunistischen Internationale: 147-150 2. Jg. Nr. 12 S..

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  • John Riddell (ed), Toward the United Front: Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the Communist International 1922 Historical Materialism, (Brill, Leiden 2011).

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  • 2

    Broué 2005p. 468.

  • 3

    Lenin 1976pp. 124–5.

  • 4

    Gruber (ed.) 1967pp. 362–71.

  • 5

    Riddell (ed.) 2011pp. 1164–73.

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