This review examines two works that address the theoretical importance of Latin American political movements over the last two decades. I argue that while Boaventura de Sousa Santos raises the important issue of the political relationship between difference and unity, his work lends itself to ambiguous conclusions regarding this relationship. In particular, de Sousa Santos underestimates Marxism’s potential role as a theory and practice of political union. Nonetheless, his work provides certain insights on epistemology and political temporality that may help Marxism amplify its political relevance today. Álvaro García Linera’s text represents a particular mode by which Marxism may engage with a politics of difference; however, I argue that García Linera’s work contains a tension between difference construed in autonomist, material terms and difference construed as identity. The latter, I suggest, has come to serve in Bolivia as the basis for an ultimately limited political project.
Castro-GómezSantiago2008‘(Post)Coloniality for Dummies: Latin American Perspectives on Modernity, Coloniality, and the Geopolitics of Knowledge’ in Coloniality at Large: Latin America and the Postcolonial Debate edited by MabelMorañaEnriqueDusseland Carlos A.JáureguiDurham, NC: Duke University Press.
García LineraÁlvaro2011Las tensiones creativas de la revolución. La quinta fase del proceso de cambioLa Paz: Vicepresidencia del Estado Plurinacional/Presidencia de la Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional.
García LineraÁlvaro2012Geopolítica de la Amazonía. Poder hacendal-patrimonial y acumulación capitalistaLa Paz: Vicepresidencia del Estado Plurinacional/Presidencia de la Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional.
PradaRaúl2002‘Multitud y contrapoder. Estudios del presente: Movimientos Sociales Contemporáneos’ in Democratizaciones plebeyas by RaquelGutiérrez AguilarÁlvaroGarcía LineraRaúlPrada and LuisTapia MeallaComuna Book SeriesLa Paz: Muela del Diablo.