Fight-or-Flight or Tend-and-Befriend? Stress and the Political Psychology of Crisis Diplomacy

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
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  • 1 The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, va 23185, United States

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  • 1

    Alex Mintz and Karl DeRouen Jr., Understanding Foreign Policy Decision-making (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 19.

  • 2

    James L. Richardson, Crisis Diplomacy: The Great Powers since the Mid-Nineteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 16.

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  • 4

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    Sergey Radchenko, ‘When Bygones Were Bygones’, Foreign Affairs, 27 March 2014.

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  • 25

    Marcus Holmes, ‘The Force of Face-to-Face Diplomacy: Mirror Neurons and the Problem of Intentions’, International Organization, vol. 67, no. 4, 2013, pp. 829-861; and Todd Hall and Keren Yarhi-Milo, ‘The Personal Touch: Leaders’ Impressions, Costly Signaling, and Assessments of Sincerity in International Affairs’, International Studies Quarterly, vol. 56, no. 3, 2012 , pp. 560-573.

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  • 29

    De Dreu, ‘Oxytocin Modulates Cooperation within and Competition between Groups’, p. 425.

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