Wikipedia: Medium and Model of Collaborative Public Diplomacy

in The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Public diplomacy is an inherently social endeavour, engaging public audiences at home and abroad to shape perceptions and influence foreign policy outcomes. Social media has a part to play in this, with sites such as Facebook and Twitter gaining visibility and traction as ‘must-have’ tools for public diplomacy 2.0. This article casts light on the less visible but pervasive social media platform of Wikipedia. Taking a case-study approach, the article posits that Wikipedia holds a dual relevance for public diplomacy 2.0: first as a medium; and second, as a model for public diplomacy’s evolving process. Exploring Wikipedia’s folksonomy, crowd-sourced through intense and organic collaboration, provides insights into the potential of collective agency and symbolic advocacy. The article’s findings highlight the limitations within current approaches towards public diplomacy 2.0, and offer new approaches for public diplomacy’s more progressive agenda.

Wikipedia: Medium and Model of Collaborative Public Diplomacy

in The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

Sections

References

3

john r. kelley‘the new diplomacy: evolution of a revolution’diplomacy & statecraftvol. 21 no. 2 (june 2010) p. 289; see also melissen ‘public diplomacy’ pp. 192-207.

4

bruce gregory‘american public diplomacy: enduring characteristics, elusive transformation’the hague journal of diplomacyvol. 6 no. 3-4 (2011) p. 353.

11

evgeny morozov‘iran: the downside to the twitter revolution’dissent (fall 2009) pp. 10-14; golnaz esfandiari ‘the twitter devolution’ foreign policy (8 june 2010); malcolm gladwell ‘small change’ the new yorker (4 october 2010); philip seib real-time diplomacy: politics and power in the social media era (new york ny: palgrave macmillan 2012); and peter van ham ‘social power in public diplomacy’ in rhonda zaharna ali fisher and amelia arsenault (eds) connective mindshift: relational networked and collaborative approaches to public diplomacy (london: routledge 2013) pp. 17-28.

14

causey and howard‘delivering digital public diplomacy’ p. 150; sean aday henry farrell marc lynch john sides and deen freelon ‘blogs and bullets ii: new media and conflict after the arab spring’ peaceworks (washington dc: united states institute of peace july 2012); seib real-time diplomacy; and fergus hanson revolution at state: the spread of e-diplomacy (sydney nsw: lowy institute for international policy analysis march 2012) p. 17.

15

bjola and jiang‘social media and public diplomacy’ p. 71.

17

causey and howard‘delivering digital public diplomacy’ p. 145.

18

seibreal-time diplomacy p. 9.

19

manuel castells‘the new public sphere: global civil society, communication networks and global governance’annals of the american academy of political and social scienceno. 616 (march 2008) p. 91.

20

melissen‘public diplomacy’ p. 201.

26

geoffrey cowan and amelia arsenault‘moving from monologue to dialogue to collaboration: the three layers of public diplomacy’the annals of the american academy of political and social scienceno. 616 (2008) p. 26.

28

fuchssocial media p. 48.

31

alireza noruzi‘folksonomies: (un)controlled vocabulary?’ knowledge organizationvol. 33 no. 4 (2006) p. 199.

32

brunsblogs wikipedia second life and beyond p. 195.

37

stacey schiff‘know it all: can wikipedia conquer expertise?’the new yorker (31 july 2006) available online at http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/07/31/know-it-all.

38

in brunsblogs wikipedia second life and beyond p. 109.

52

elliott‘stigmergic collaboration’ p. 11.

61

jimmy wales‘wikipedia founder jimmy wales responds’slashdot (28 july 2004) available online at http://slashdot.org/story/04/07/28/1351230/wikipedia-founder-jimmy-wales-responds.

65

dan murphy‘monmouth: where it all started to go wrong’wikipediocracy (2012) available online at http://wikipediocracy.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=926.

66

melissa jones‘monmouthpedia could bring wikipedia to chepstow’south wales argus (24 july 2012) available online at http://www.southwalesargus.co.uk/news/9832698.monmouthpedia_could_bring_wikipedia_effect_to_chepstow.

77

waleed aly‘one armenia, many wikipedia articles’australian broadcasting corporation radio national (4 august 2014) online at: http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/drive/one-armenia2c-many-wikipedia-articles/5647654.

86

bjola and jiang‘social media and public diplomacy’ p. 73. see also stuart murray ‘evolution not revolution: the digital divide in american and australian contexts’ in corneliu bjola and marcus holmes (eds) digital diplomacy: theory and practice (new york ny: routledge 2015) pp. 127-144.

92

o’reilly‘what is web 2.0?’ p. 38.

95

jim macnamara‘public communication practices in the web 2.0-3.0 mediascape: the case for prevolution’prismvol. 7 no. 3 (2010) p. 3 available online at http://www.prismjournal.org.

96

geoffrey cowan and amelia arsenault‘moving from monologue to dialogue to collaboration: the three layers of public diplomacy’annals of the american academy of political and social sciencevol. 616 no. 1 (march 2008) p. 22.

97

zaharna fisher and arsenault (eds)connective mindshift p. 7.

98

zaharna fisher and arsenault (eds)connective mindshift p. 8.

99

anne-marie slaughter‘a new theory for the foreign policy frontier: collaborative power’the atlantic (30 november 2011) available online at http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/11/a-new-theory-for-the-foreign-policy-frontier-collaborative-power/249260/.

102

van ham‘social power in public diplomacy’ p. 18.

104

melissen‘public diplomacy’ p. 192 [emphasis added].

106

rosen‘the people formerly known as the audience’ p. 15.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 50 50 29
Full Text Views 96 96 89
PDF Downloads 7 7 5
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0