‘Other Diplomacies’ of Non-state Actors: The Case of Canadian-Asian Relations

in The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?





See Mary M. Young and Susan J. Henders, ‘“Other Diplomacies” and the Making of Canada–Asia Relations’, Canadian Foreign Policy Journal vol. 18, no. 3 (2012), pp. 375–388; and Susan J. Henders and Mary M. Young, ‘“Other Diplomacies” and the Making of Canada–Asian Relations: An Interdisciplinary Conversation’, Asia Colloquia Papers Series, vol. 2, no. 1 (Toronto: York Centre for Asian Research, August 2012), available online at http://ycar.apps01.yorku.ca/publications/asia-colloquia-papers/ (accessed 8 February 2016).


Corneliu Bjola and Markus Kornprobst, Understanding International Diplomacy: Theory, Practice, and Ethics (Abingdon: Routledge, 2013), p. 4.


James Der Derian, On Diplomacy: A Genealogy of Western Estrangement (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987), p. 42.


Cornago, Plural Diplomacies, p. 1.


Cornago, Plural Diplomacies, p. 3, chapter 4.


Cornago, Plural Diplomacies, p. 81, discussing Geoffrey Wiseman, ‘Norms and Diplomacy: The Diplomatic Underpinnings of Multilateralism’, in James P. Muldoon et al. (eds.), The New Dynamics of Multilateralism (Boulder, co: Westview, 2011), pp. 5–22.


Paul Sharp, A Diplomatic Theory of International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 10.


Constantinou and Der Derian, ‘Sustaining Global Hope’, p. 8.


Constantinou and Der Derian, ‘Sustaining Global Hope’, pp. 7–8.


Evan H. Potter, Branding Canada: Projecting Canada’s Soft Power through Public Diplomacy (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009), pp. 32–33; see also Mai’a K. Davis Cross and Jan Melissen, ‘Introduction’, in Cross and Melissen (eds.), European Public Diplomacy, p. xvii.


Christer Jönsson and Martin Hall, ‘Communication: An Essential Aspect of Diplomacy’, International Studies Perspectives, vol. 4, no. 2 (2003), p. 11.


For example, Christian Windler, ‘Diplomatic History as a Field for Cultural Analysis: Muslim–Christian Relations in Tunis, 1700–1840’, The Historical Journal vol. 44, no. 1 (2001), pp. 79–106; Stewart Gordon, When Asia Was the World: Traveling Merchants, Scholars, Warriors, and Monks Who Created the Riches of the East (Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 2007); and Patricia Clavin, ‘Defining Transnationalism’, Contemporary European History, vol. 14, no. 4 (2005), pp. 421–439.


Donna Lee and David Hudson, ‘The Old and New Significance of Political Economy in Diplomacy’, Review of International Studies, vol. 30, no. 3 (2004), pp. 343–360. See also Garrett Mattingly, Renaissance Diplomacy (London: Courier Dover, 1955); Jönsson and Hall, ‘Communication’, pp. 195–210; and Jönsson and Hall, Essence of Diplomacy.


See Robert W. Cox, ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory’, Millennium, vol. 10, no. 2 (1981), pp. 138–139.


Clavin, ‘Defining Transnationalism’, p. 422.


See also Cornago, Plural Diplomacies, p. 38–43. For a critique of the transnational and cultural turns in diplomatic history, see Thomas W. Zeiler, ‘The Diplomatic History Bandwagon: A State of the Field’, The Journal of American History, vol. 95, no. 4 (2009), p. 1072.


Qin, The Diplomacy of Nationalism, p. 99.


Lorna Lloyd, Diplomacy with a Difference: The Commonwealth Office of High Commissioner, 1880–2006 (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2007).


See Gordon, When Asia Was the World, pp. 1–20 and 183; Akhil Gupta, ‘Globalization and Difference: Cosmopolitanism before the Nation-State’, Transforming Cultures eJournal, vol. 3, no. 2 (2008), pp. 1–20; and Ada B. Bozeman, Politics and Culture in International History: From the Ancient Near East to the Opening of the Modern Age (New Brunswick, nj: Transaction, 2nd edition 2002), pp. 146–161.


Rachel Lung, ‘Interpreters in Xuanzang’s Pilgrimage in Seventh-Century Asia’, Hermeneus, vol. 15 (2013), pp. 111–131.


Gordon, When Asia Was the World, pp. 14–15.


M.N. Pearson, ‘Brokers in Western Indian Port Cities: Their Role in Servicing Foreign Merchants’, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 22, no. 3 (1988), pp. 455–472.


Gordon, When Asia Was the World, p. 15.


Gordon, When Asia Was the World, p. 19.


Lung, ‘Interpreters in Xuanzang’s Pilgrimage in Seventh-Century Asia’, pp. 125–127.


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 14 14 2
Full Text Views 5 5 3
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0