Collaboration and Competition: The Twofold Logic of Science Diplomacy

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Pierre-Bruno Ruffini Faculty of International Affairs, University of Le Havre-Normandie Le Havre France

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From an attentive reading of the practitioner-driven literature, this essay questions the reasons why the dominant discourse on science diplomacy highlights practices based on international co-operation and the pursuit of shared interests but pays little attention to practices which are inspired by a spirit of competition. It advances hypotheses related to the professional profiles of those who built the definitions and shaped this discourse, and who are scientists. It underlines the need to provide a broader definition of science diplomacy, by recognising its double nature, both collaborative and competitive.

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