The Rise, Fall and Rebirth of Foreign Policy Planning in Brazil (1949-2018)

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Rogério de Souza Farias Institute of International Relations, University of Brasília Brasília, DF Brazil

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Policy planning has a long history in the Ministries of Foreign Affairs around the world. This article provides an overview of almost 70 years of this technique in Brazil’s Ministry of External Relations (Itamaraty). I will argue that there has been a clear trade-off between predicting, preaching, disrupting and managing. Despite its failures, planning has been an important tool for coping with uncertainty and has provided coherence in foreign policy-making.

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