The European External Action Service and the European Parliament

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
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  • 1 Centre for European Studies, and Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

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Summary

Despite considerable academic attention on the European External Action Service (EEAS), only a few studies have touched upon its relationship with the European Parliament. This article looks into the relationship between the EEAS, its High Representative and the European Parliament. It pays particular attention to the question of whether — during the making of the EEAS — the European Parliament was able to expand its parliamentary oversight in external relations along the lines of legislative, supervisory and budgetary powers.

  • 1)

    Antonio Missiroli, ‘The New EU “Foreign Policy” System after Lisbon: A Work in Progress’, European Foreign Affairs Review, vol. 15, no. 4, 2010, pp. 427-452; and Sophie Vanhoonacker and Natasja Reslow, ‘The European External Action Service: Living Forwards by Understanding Backwards’, European Foreign Affairs Review, vol. 15, no. 1, 2010, pp. 1-18.

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  • 2)

    Ben Crum, ‘Parliamentarization of the CFSP through Informal Institution-making? The Fifth European Parliament and the EU High Representative’, Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 13, no. 3, 2006, pp. 383-401.

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  • 5)

    Crum, ‘Parliamentarization of the CFSP through Informal Institution-making?’, pp. 383-401.

  • 6)

    Jozef Bátora, ‘A Democratically Accountable European External Action Service: Three Scenarios’, European Integration Online Papers, vol. 14, 2010.

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  • 7)

    Crum, ‘Parliamentarization of the CFSP through Informal Institution-making?’, pp. 383-401.

  • 8)

    Berthold Rittberger, ‘The Creation and Empowerment of the European Parliament’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, 2003, pp. 203-225 at p. 203.

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  • 9)

    Crum, ‘Parliamentarization of the CFSP through Informal Institution-making?’, p. 385.

  • 10)

    Thym, ‘Parliamentary Involvement in European International Relations’, p. 205.

  • 11)

    Thym, ‘Parliamentary Involvement in European International Relations’, p. 207.

  • 14)

    Udo Diedrichs, ‘The European Parliament in CFSP: More than a Marginal Player?’, The International Spectator, no. 2, 2004, pp. 31-46.

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  • 19)

    Peters, Wagner and Deitelhoff, ‘Parliaments and European Security Policy’, pp. 12-13.

  • 20)

    Thym, ‘Parliamentary Involvement in European International Relations’, pp. 223-224.

  • 28)

    Committee on Constitutional Affairs, ‘Report on the Institutional Aspects of Setting Up the External Action Service’, p. 9.

  • 32)

    See Committee on Constitutional Affairs, ‘Report on the Institutional Aspects of Setting Up the External Action Service’, p. 5. See also the contribution of Elmar Brok in the European Parliament, AFET Meeting, 27 April 2010.

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  • 35)

    Ulrike Lunacek, AFET Committee, 22 June 2010.

  • 43)

    Louis Henkin, Constitutionalism, Democracy and Foreign Affairs (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990), pp. 48-51.

  • 48)

    Brok and Verhofstadt, ‘Proposal for the Establishment of the EEAS’, p. 5.

  • 50)

    Brok and Verhofstadt, ‘Proposal for the Establishment of the EEAS’, p. 5.

  • 60)

    Elmar Brok, AFET Committee, 22 June 2010. See ‘Declaration by the High Representative on Political Accountability’, point 4.

  • 68)

    Vanhoonacker and Reslow, ‘The European External Action Service’, p. 15.

  • 70)

    Missiroli, ‘The New EU “Foreign Policy” System after Lisbon’, p. 441.

  • 72)

    Brok and Verhofstadt, ‘Proposal for the Establishment of the EEAS’, pp. 6-7.

  • 73)

    Missiroli, ‘The New EU “Foreign Policy” System after Lisbon’, p. 437.

  • 78)

    Ingeborg Grässle, ‘A Critical Analysis: The Creation of the European External Action Service’, European Issue — Policy Paper, no. 194 (Paris: Fondation Schuman, 14 February 2011), p. 3.

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