Redefining Digital Diplomacy: Modelling Business Diplomacy by Internet Companies in China

in The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This article develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the international activities of internet companies. It focuses specifically on the question of whether internet companies’ activities are examples of business diplomacy, by examining cases of conflict between corporate actors and the Chinese government and their negotiations under a divided set of loyalties. In so doing, the article seeks to re-examine notions of sovereignty as applied to cyberspace, and to engage in a conceptual discussion of critical issues on the role of business diplomacy in the internet governance debate. Ultimately, it argues that while their activities are more commercial than diplomatic on the whole, internet companies cannot be neutral actors outside of international politics. The article thus makes a case for greater engagement by companies in business diplomacy on a country-to-country basis.

Redefining Digital Diplomacy: Modelling Business Diplomacy by Internet Companies in China

in The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

Sections

References

1

See Jovan KurbalaijaAn Introduction to Internet Diplomacy (Msida, Malta: DiploFoundation2012).

2

Josh Constine‘Facebook Beats in Q2 with $2.91 Billion in Revenue, 62% of Ad Revenue from 1.32B Users’TechCrunch23 July 2014 available online at http://techcrunch.com/2014/07/23/facebook-q2-2014-earnings/.

3

Immanuel Simonsen‘Top 5 Global Search Properties: How Did They Perform in 2012?’WebCertain12 February 2013 available online at http://blog.webcertain.com/a-look-into-the-global-desktop-performance-of-the-5-biggest-search-engines-worldwide/12/02/2013/.

6

Christina Archetti‘The Impact of New Media on Diplomatic Practice: An Evolutionary Model of Change’The Hague Journal of Diplomacyvol. 7 2012 pp. 181-206.

8

Saner Yiu and Sondergaard‘Business Diplomacy Management’ p. 302.

9

Saner Yiu and Sondergaard‘Business Diplomacy Management’ p. 303.

10

James P. Muldoon‘The Diplomacy of Business’Diplomacy & Statecraftvol. 16 no. 2 2005 p. 347.

11

Richard Langhorne‘The Diplomacy of Non-State Actors’Diplomacy & Statecraftvol. 16 2005 no. 2 p. 337.

12

Langhorne‘The Diplomacy of Non-State Actors’ p. 337.

14

Richard Milne‘The Corporate Diplomats’The Financial Times23 November 2009 available online at http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/8f03208e-d86a-11de-b63a-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1quPO5Lr9.

15

Eric Schmidt‘Trapped in its History, Beautiful Havana’Google+29 June 2014 available online at https://plus.google.com/+EricSchmidt/posts.

16

Josh Rogin‘Eric Schmidt: The Great Firewall of China Will Fall’Foreign Policy9 July 2012 available online at http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2012/07/09/eric_schmidt_the_great_firewall_of_china_will_fall.

17

Alan Henrikson‘Diplomacy’s Possible Futures’The Hague Journal of Diplomacyvol. 1 2005 pp. 3-27.

18

Enric Ordeix-Rigo and Joao Duarte‘From Public Diplomacy to Business Diplomacy: Increasing Corporation’s Legitimacy and Influence’American Behavioral Scientistvol. 53 no. 4 2009 p. 555.

19

Niall Ferguson‘Think Again: Power’Foreign PolicyJanuary/February 2003.

20

‘Jan 31 1990: First McDonald’s opens in Soviet Union’ This Day in History available online at http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-mcdonalds-opens-in-soviet-union.

24

Evgeny Morozov‘High-Tech Diplomacy’Newsweek28 September 2009.

31

Ben Elgin‘The Web and China: Not So Simple’Bloomberg Businessweek. 15 February 2006 available online at http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/feb2006/tc20060215_060300.htm.

35

Corey Boles‘Yahoo’s Lashing Highlights Risks of China Market’. Wall Street Journal7 November 2007 available online at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB119436469294284018.html.

39

Karen Wickre‘Testimony: The Internet in China’Google Official Blog15 February 2006 available online at http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2006/02/testimony-internet-in-china.html.

40

Lev Grossman‘Google Under the Gun’Time5 February 2006 available online at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/09171115659800.html.

42

Steven Levy‘Google and the China Syndrome: The Businesses Know that Building Censorship into their Search Engines Violates their Principles’Newsweek13 February 2006 available online at http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2006/02/12/google-and-the-china-syndrome.html.

45

Amir Efrati and Siobhan Gorman‘Google Mail Hack Blamed on China’Wall Street Journal2 June 2011 available online at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303657404576359770243517568.html.

51

Peter Ford‘Can Facebook and China be Friends?’ Christian Science Monitor3 February 2012 available online at http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2012/0203/Can-Facebook-and-China-be-friends.

52

John Boudreau‘Culture Clash at Heart of Facebook’s China Problem’Siliconvalley.com10 July 2011 available online at http://www.siliconvalley.com/sv2020/ci_18450897?source=rss.

53

Cheryl Isaac‘Facebook Courting China? Why American Tech Entrepreneurs Avoid China’Forbes.com5 April 2012 available online at http://www.forbes.com/sites/worldviews/2012/04/05/facebook-courting-china-why-business-will-be-difficult-for-american-tech-entrepreneurs-in-china/.

55

Sean Ludwig‘Zuckerberg Visits Asia, Incites Rumors Facebook May Finally Launch in China’VentureBeat29 March 2012 available online at http://venturebeat.com/2012/03/29/zuckerberg-china-japan/.

57

Carrie Kirby‘Free Internet vs. Free Speech’San Francisco Chronicle18 September 2005 available online at http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/09/18/MNGDUEPNLA1.DTL&ao=all.

62

Adam Clark Estes‘Signs that Facebook is Acting Like a Sovereign Nation’The Atlantic Wire24 May 2011 available online at http://www.theatlanticwire.com/technology/2011/05/signs-facebook-acting-like-sovereign-nation/38103/.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 11 11 8
Full Text Views 8 8 7
PDF Downloads 1 1 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0