Human Rights in Danish Development Aid

in Human Rights in Development Online
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Human Rights in Danish Development Aid

in Human Rights in Development Online

References

1 The terms 'aid' and 'cooperation' are used in this text interchangeably: 'aid' is used in the author's analysis, while 'cooperation', as the official term of Danish legislatiou and policy- documents, is used in references to governmental documents. 2 'Lovbekendtgorelse 1976-04-01 no. 285 om internationalt udviklingssamarbejde' [TheLegislation on International Development Cooperation], Karnovs Lovsamling [Kornov's Legislation Collection], København 1993, p. 228. 3 See discourse in Lotte Haghfelt, 'Den internationale menneskeret og dansk u-landsbistand' [International Human Rights Law and Danish Development Aid], Menneskerettigheder i U- landene og i Dansk U-Iandsbistand [Human Rights in Developing Countries and Danish Development Aidl, København 1989, pp. 175-179. 4 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Human Rights and Democracy: Perspectives for Development Cooperation, Copenhagen 1993. 5 Haghfelt, 1989, p. 8. 6 Idem. 7 Beretning om valg af fremtidige samarbejdslande [Parliamentary Report on Future Programme Cooperation Countries], beretning [report] no. 4, afgivet af udenrigsudvalget [given by the Parliamentary Committee for Foreign Affairs], København 23 maj 1989.

8 David Michael Kendal, Anders Krab-Johansen, Human Rights & International Development Cooperation, Copenhagen 1995, pp. 58-61. 9 Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, 'Udenrigsministerens bistandspolitiske redegorelse til Folketinget den 13 maj 1987' [The Minister of Foreign Affairs' Annual Report to Parliament], reprinted in Udvikling I [Development], January 1988, p. 7. 10 Folketingets dagsorden i forbindelse med den bistandspolitiske debat [The Parliament's Decision on Development Cooperation], København 21 maj 1987. 11 'Beretning om valg af fremtidige samarbejdslande [Parliamentary Report on Future Programme Cooperation Countries], loc.cit. (note 7). 12 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 7. 13 Ibidem, p. 23. 14 Beretning om valg af fremtidige samarbejdslande [Parliamentary Report on Future Programme Cooperation Countries], loc.cit. (note 7), pp. 2-3. 15 Den rullende 5-drsplan 1994-98 [Danida's Five-Year Plan 1994-1998], København 1993, p. 8.

16 Jan Egeland, 'Brug guleroden og ikke stokken' [Use the Carrot not the Stickl, Udvikling 1 [Developmentl, January 1988, p. 14. " Author's translation from Forhandling om redegerelse no. R 23 [Parliamentary Negotiations of Report No. R 231, Udenrigsministerens bistandspolitiske redegorelse af [The Minister of Foreign Affairs' Annual Report to Parliamentl, 13 maj 1987. Author's translation from Fortryk af Folketingets forhandlinger, [Transcript of Parliamentary negotiations], pp. 12161-12243. 18 Den rullende 5-drsplan 1995-99 [Danida's Five-Year Plan 1994-19981, loc.cit. (note 7). 19 Author's translation fromBeretning om valg affremtidige samarbejdslande [Parliamentary Report on Future Programme Cooperation Countriesl, loc.cit. (note 7). 20 En verden i udvikling: Strategi for dansk udviklingspolitik frem mod år 2000 [A world in Development: Strategy for Danish Development Aid Policy Towards the Year 20001, Kabenhavn 1994, p. vii.

21 Author's translation from ibidem, p. vii. 22 Author's translation from Jergen Estrup, Politiske betingelser i dansk bistandspolitik [Political Conditions in the Danish Aid-Policy], memo no. 190, Kebenhavn 1994, p. 14. 23 Notat: Politisk betingede cendringer i dansk u-landsbisand [Note: Politically Motivated Changes in Danish Development Aid Policy], DS.1 Document no. 104.A.1, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, K0benhavn 17 January 1992. See also Svar pd spergsmal nr. 6 af 3 oktober fra Udenrigsudvalget til skriftlig besvarelse, Udenrigsudvalget aim. del. bilag 36. 104.Dan.1/8.b. [The Ministry of Foreign Affairs' Answer to a Question No. 6 of 3 October from the Foreign Policy Committee of Parliament, Annex No. 36. 104.Dan.1/8.6], 1991. 24 Ibidem, p. 7. 25 Paul Taylor, et al. , A Review Mission of Danida Support to the Consolidation of Democracy in Nepal and a Pre Appraisal of the Requests for Further Support, Final Report, Vol. 1, Main Report, July, executed by COWIconsult, Copenhagen 1994, p. 87. 26 Estrup, loc. cit. (note 22), p. 7.

27 Katarina Tomaševski, Development Aid and Human Rights Revisited, London 1993, p. 95. 28 Ibidem, p. 122. 29 From Estrup, loc.cit. (note 22), p. 6.

'o United Nations, Adverse Consequences for the Enjoyment of Human Rights of Political, Military, Economic and Other Forms of Assistance Given to the Racist and Colonialist Regime of South Africa, Report by Special Rapporteur Ahmed M. Khalida, Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1984/Rev.l, paragraph 17. 31 Ibidem, paragraph 279. '32 Hanne Lund Madsen, Towards Human Rights Assessments of Development Projects, Working Paper M1991:2, Bergen 1991, p. 6. 33 Tomasevski, op.cit. (note 27), p. 88. 34 Siri Gloppen, Lise Rakner, Human Rights and Development, Report 1993:3, Bergen 1993, p. 62. 35 Approximately USD 1,500 million. '36 The numbers in this paragraph are quoted from Danidas drsberetning 1993 [Danida's Yearbook 19931, København 1994, pp. 1, 327-330.

37 Taylor, op.cit. (note 25), p. 88. 38 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 12. '9 En verden i udvikling: Strategi for dansk udviklingspolitik frem mod ar 2000 [A world in Development: Strategy for Danish Development Aid Policy towards the Year 2000], Kobenhavn 1994, p. 10. 40 Danidas arsberetning 1993 [Danida's Yearbook 1993], loc.cit. (note 36), p. 324. 41 The list is called Regionsfordelt oversigt of menneskerettighedsprojekter [Human Rights Projects by Region] and is continuously updated. The list is provided by Danida. 42 Poul Nielson, Danidas blinde beddel [Danida's Blind Executioner], Bersen 7 March 1995, p. 16. 43 Demokratifonden [The Democracy Fund], Demokratifondens virksomhed 1993 [The Democracy Fund's Activities], Kobenhavn 1994.

44 Taylor, op.cit. (note 25), p. 27. 45 Estrup, loc.cit. (note 22), p. 11. 46 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 7. 47 Author's translation from En verden i udvikling: Strategi for dansk udviklingspolitik frem mod ar 2000 [A World in Development: Strategy for Danish Development Aid Policy towards the Year 20001, Kebenhavn 1994, p. vii. 48 Taylor, op.cit. (note 25), p. 83. 49 Ibidem.

50 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 14.

51 David Gillies, Human Rights, Democracy and 'Good Governance': Stretching the World Bank's Policy, Essays on Human Rights and Democratic Development, No. 2, Quebec 1993, p. 17. 52 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 19. 53 Ibidem. 54 Ibidem, p. 15.

55 Ibidem, p. 16. 56 United Nations, Report of the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, 1 July 1993 - 30 June 1994, General Assembly, Official Records, Forty-Ninth Session, Supplement No. 13, A/49/13, 1994, p. 37. 57 Ibidem. 58 Idem. 59 Nielson, op.cit. (note 42). 60 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 20.

6' Ibidem, p. 16. 62 Ibidem, p. 17. 63 Free and Independent Press in Mongolia, Establishment of the Mongolian Press Institute and Newspaper Printing House in Ulan Bator, Project Document, 15 February 1994. Obtained from Danida, S.6., p. 14. 64 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 16. 65 Danmarks deltagelse i det internationale udviklingssamarbejde 1983 [Danida's Yearbook 1993: Denmark's Participation in International Development Cooperation], Kobenhavn 1984, p. 108. 66 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, loc.cit. (note 4), p. 16.

67 See, for example, T'homas Hammarberg, UN Assistance for Human Rights, Radda Bamen & International Commission of Jurists, Stockholm 1988, p. 9.

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