Probing the Theological Resources of a Seventeenth-Century tārīkh: the Tārīkh al-Sūdān and Ashʿarī kalām

in Islamic Africa
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Modern Western scholars, journalists, travellers, and colonial officials have shown an interest in Timbuktu’s famous seventeenth-century chronicles ever since they heard of them in the mid nineteenth-century. The three tārīkhs (chronicles) are the Tārīkh al-Sūdān, the so-called Tarīkh al-fattāsh, and the Notice historique. The first Western written works began to be produced at the end of the nineteenth century and burgeoned over the twentieth century with several large projects continuing into the present century, as recent as 2015. These works were primarily, though not exclusively, concerned with the authorship, sources, and political properties of the tārīkhs. This article is interested in Muslim theology as a resource of the Tārīkh al-Sūdān, one the three tārīkhs. It focuses in particular on the precepts of Ashʿarī kalām (theology) of Sunni Islam as the key resource the author of the Tarīkh al-Sūdān.

Probing the Theological Resources of a Seventeenth-Century tārīkh: the Tārīkh al-Sūdān and Ashʿarī kalām

in Islamic Africa

Sections

References

  • 5

    Nehemia Levtzion“Was Maḥmūd Ka‘tī the author of the Taʾrīkh al-Fattāsh?” Research Bulletin Centre of Arabic Documentation University of Ibadan 6–1/2 (1970) 1–12; “A seventeenth century chronicle by Ibn al-Mukhtār: a critical study of the Taʾrīkh al-fattāshBulletin of the school of African and oriental studies 34 no. 3 (1971) 571–593.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Joseph Brun“Notes sur le tarikh el-fettach”Anthropos 9 (1914) 590–596.

  • 7

    Madina Ly“Quelques remarques sur le Tarikh el-fettach”Bulletin de l’Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire 34 no. 3 (1972) 471–493.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Elias SaadSocial history of Timbuktu: the role of Muslim scholars and notables (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press1983).

  • 10

    Paulo Fernando Moraes de FariasArabic medieval inscriptions from the Republic of Mali: epigraphy chronicles and Songhay-Tuāreg history (New York: Oxford University Press2003). Moraes Farias summarized a section of this work in a book chapter “Intellectual innovation and reinvention of the Sahel: the seventeenth-century Timbuktu chronicles” in Shamil Jeppie and Souleymane B. Diagne (eds.) The Meanings of Timbuktu (Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa Press 2008) 95–107.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    SaadSocial history of Timbuktu21.

  • 15

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire2.

  • 16

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay empire pp. 24–26 32 38–40 42 43 44 48 49 58 68 73 77 80 and passim.

  • 17

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay empire pp. 52–80.

  • 20

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire75. This is another example that shows al-Saʿdī’s political aim with his chronicle in that he not only insists on the political clout of the scholars but also shows a gesture of reconciliation in the invading Moroccans’ visit to Timbuktu’s scholars as members of the urban patriciate.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32

    Ali Mabrook“Al-zaman al-Ashʿarī: min al-untulujī ilā al-aydiyulujī”Alif: Journal of comparative poetics 9 (1989) 156–170.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33

    Souleymane Diagne“Toward an intellectual history of West Africa: the meaning of Timbuktu” in The meanings of TimbuktuShamil Jeppie and Souleymane Bachir Diagne eds. (Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa Press2008) 22.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire1–2.

  • 37

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire1–2.

  • 44

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire192–195.

  • 46

    Ibn al-MukhtārTārīkh al-fattāsh p. 205.

  • 48

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire192–195.

  • 50

    Ibn al-MukhtārTārīkh al-fattāsh p. 139.

  • 52

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire117.

  • 53

    Ibn al-MukhtārTārīkh al-fattāsh140; Hunwick Timbuktu & the Songhay Empire 126.

  • 54

    Ibn al-MukhtārTārīkh al-fattāsh139.

  • 59

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire194–5.

  • 62

    Al-Qāsim Al-Rasī“Kitāb al-ʿadl wa al-tawḥīd: wa nafy al-tashbīh ʿan Allāh al-wāḥid al-ḥamīd” in Rasāʾil al-ʿadl wa al-tawḥīd ed. Muḥammad ʿImāra (Cairo: Dār al-Shurūq1988) 130–148.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 65

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire100–254.

  • 74

    Maḥmūd KaʿtTārīkh al-fattāsh (Bamako: Imprimerie Mangane et Fils2015) 208.

  • 75

    HunwickTimbuktu & the Songhay Empire192.

  • 79

    Frantz FanonThe wretched of the earth (Paris: Grove Weidenfeld1973) 54.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 54 52 30
Full Text Views 141 141 1
PDF Downloads 4 4 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0