A new genus of Anacardiaceae fossil wood from El Bosque Formation (Eocene), Chiapas, Mexico

In: IAWA Journal

ABSTRACT

We describe a new fossil wood from the El Bosque Formation (Eocene) in Chiapas, southern Mexico. It has a combination of features found in the Anacardiaceae, including distinct growth rings, diffuse porosity, vessels solitary and in radial multiples of 2–3, simple perforation plates, medium to large alternate intervessel pits, vessel-ray parenchyma pits rounded and elongate with reduced borders, septate and non-septate fibers, axial parenchyma scanty paratracheal, vasicentric, apotracheal diffuse, Kribs heterogeneous rays type IIA, and multiseriate rays with radial canals. The mosaic of features of this wood supports the erection of a new genus, Bosquesoxylon Pérez-Lara, Castañeda-Posadas et Estrada-Ruiz. This new genus of anacardiaceous fossil wood extends our knowledge of this family’s history and offers hints on the possible relationships with floras from other localities worldwide, especially North America and Asia.

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