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New dicotyledonous woods from the San Carlos Formation (Upper Cretaceous) in Northern Mexico

In: IAWA Journal
Authors:
Emilio Estrada-Ruiz Departamento de Zoología, Laboratorio de Ecología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas — Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Prolongación de Carpio y Plan de Ayala s/n, Mexico City 11340, Mexico

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2312-6146
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Hugo I. Martínez-Cabrera Museo Paleontológico de Múzquiz, Adolfo E. Romo 1701, La Cascada, 26343, Santa Rosa de Múzquiz, Melchor Múzquiz, Coahuila, Mexico

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5396-495X
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Imelda P. García-Hernández Departamento de Zoología, Laboratorio de Ecología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas — Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Prolongación de Carpio y Plan de Ayala s/n, Mexico City 11340, Mexico

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7357-9661
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Summary

We describe two new fossil woods from the San Carlos Formation (Upper Cretaceous), Chihuahua State, Mexico. The first wood resembles the fossil genus Metcalfeoxylon in having solitary vessels, scalariform perforation plates, vessel-ray parenchyma pits of similar size as the intervessel pits, axial parenchyma apotracheal diffuse and diffuse in aggregates, and heterocellular multiseriate rays with long, uniseriate tails. The second wood is a new fossil genus, and it is characterized by having diffuse porous wood, vessels predominantly solitary, vessel outlines oval and tending to be of two diameter classes, simple perforation plates, minute alternate intervessel pits, vessel-ray parenchyma pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape, vasicentric tracheids, non-septate fibers, homocellular rays, and exclusively uniseriate and biseriate rays. This combination of features supports its placement in Myrtales (?Myrtaceae), in a new fossil-genus named Lazarocardenasoxylon. These two new records provide more information about the floristic composition of the Late Cretaceous flora of the San Carlos Formation and its relationship with those from the southern USA. However, a definitive picture of the floristic relationship of these Cretaceous floras of northern Mexico and southern USA remains elusive.

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