The Armenians arrived at Guangzhou (Canton) and Macao for trade, no later than the end of the 17th century. Their existence in the Pearl River Delta was noticed by westerners throughout the 18th century. However, due to several reasons, there is little evidence in Chinese sources showing that contemporary Chinese people were aware of such a small group in their homeland. Nevertheless, after a re-examination of existing Chinese records dated from 1751 to 1840, the author could find several pieces of evidence in support of the argument that the Chinese in mid-Qing period might have been informed about the Armenians, as well as the land of Armenia. The names by which the Chinese addressed these foreigners in that period might be of some interest for the research and interpretation of the Chinese texts as well.