Compromising Islam with Empire: Bureaucracy and Class in Safavid Iran

In: Iran and the Caucasus
View More View Less
  • 1 Free University, Berlin

Purchase instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):


Socio-economic justice lies in the normative core of Islam. The concepts of fard-al-kifāyah and zakāh reveal its commitment to protect the poor from the arbitrariness of the rich and treat the state as an institution that maximises collective welfare. The political economy of Safavid Iran indicates that the establishment of Islam as Iran’s state religion facilitated the empire’s administrative modernisation, economic development and class formation. Contrary to conventional wisdom, I argue that religion did not only offer legitimacy grounds to the Safavid government. It also provided institutional incentives that transformed clerics into intermediaries between people and the Imperial Court, improved fiscal capacity and increased general trust toward the central government.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 897 532 140
Full Text Views 188 5 0
PDF Views & Downloads 31 7 0