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“Other” Strategies in the Eastern Caucasus (Part II): Typology

In: Iran and the Caucasus
Authors:
Yury LanderHSE University, Moscow, Russia

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Timur MaisakHSE University, Moscow/Institute of Linguistics RAS, Moscow, Russia

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The paper describes expressions with the meaning ‘other’ in East Caucasian (Nakh-Daghestanian) languages. It is shown that four main strategies can be distinguished: i) the ‘one’-based strategy: ‘other’ includes the numeral ‘one’; ii) the demonstrative-based strategy: ‘other’ includes a demonstrative pronoun; iii) the mixed demonstrative-based + ‘one’- based strategy: ‘other’ includes both a demonstrative and the numeral ‘one’; and iv) the lexical strategy: ‘other’ is a dedicated adjective (pronoun), not necessarily derived from any other clearly discernable source.

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