Which Approach to Justice in Colombia under the Era of the ICC

in International Criminal Law Review
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How could Colombia deal with the overwhelming cruelty of mass atrocities committed during its ongoing conflict? This article intends to thoroughly explain the strategies implemented in Colombia to deal with the issues of transitional justice in an ongoing conflict and to illustrate the state of the art of the approaches to justice. In order to do so, we will show the limits of the retributive justice approach at both the national and the international level and propose the applicability of the restorative justice approach in dealing with mass victimisation. This debate becomes even more complex due to the shadow of the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has exerted great influence in implementing a dominant retributive oriented approach to the expenses of other ways of doing justice.

Which Approach to Justice in Colombia under the Era of the ICC

in International Criminal Law Review

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References

5)

Law 1106 of 2006which extended the effects of Law 782 of 2002 granted amnesty to the demobilized members of illegal armed groups who did not have criminal charges.

11)

Sánchezsupra note 8.

33)

Ruti Teitel‘Global Transitional Justice’Working Paper Nº 8 (Center for Global Studies George Mason University Fairfax 2010).

46)

These are Decree 4760 of 2005Decree 2898 of 2006 Decree 3391 of 2006 Decree 4417 of 2007 Decree 315 of 2007 and Decree 23 of 2007.

51)

Case 29.560 28 May 2008Supreme Court.

52)

Case 31.539 31 July 2009Supreme Court and Case 28.040 23 August 2007 Supreme Court.

59)

International Crisis Groupsupra note 57.

77)

Pizarrosupra note 4.

81)

Gómezsupra note 2.

82)

Pizarrosupra note 4.

89)

Buenosupra note 86.

94)

Drumblsupra note 83. The negative effects of exclusive retributive forms of accountability are well described by Drumbl’s strong statement according to which “for many Rwandans and Bonsian Muslims retribution might well include accountability for the UN and foreign governments whose peacekeepers were ineffective while genocidal massacre occurred in their midst”.

96)

Fletcher and Weinsteinsupra note 88.

98)

Report of the Secretary Generalsupra note 15.

99)

Miriam J. Aukerman‘Extraordinary Evil, Ordinary Crime: A Framework for Understanding Transitional Justice’39 Harvard Human Rights Journal (2002) pp. 39-97.

101)

Weitekamp et al.supra note 79.

102)

Buenosupra note 86.

103)

Fletcher and Weinsteinsupra note 88.

104)

Buenosupra note 86.

107)

Llewellyn and Howsersupra note 87.

115)

Walgravesupra note 80.

116)

Umbreit and Petersonsupra note 114.

117)

Buenosupra note 86.

122)

Aukermansupra note 99.

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