Aggravating and Mitigating Sentencing Factors at the ICTR—An Exploratory Analysis

in International Criminal Law Review
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The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has been operating for nearly two decades now and has sentenced over sixty defendants. While the sentencing guidelines from the official Tribunal statute and rules of procedure are vague and indefinite, the court has established a sentencing jurisprudence of its own, especially when it comes to aggravating and mitigating factors. The use of these factors in sentencing have been questioned, so an exploratory analysis of what factors the court has considered and how they have done so was constructed. The results show a wide ranging list of both aggravating and mitigating factors without providing a strict sentencing structure. These sentencing factors may set a standard for future international courts sentencing defendants for the most heinous of crimes.

Aggravating and Mitigating Sentencing Factors at the ICTR—An Exploratory Analysis

in International Criminal Law Review

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References

6

Hola et al.‘Facts and figures,’ supra note 5 p. 412.

7

Hola et al.supra note 5 p. 748.

9

Cruvelliersupra note 4 pp. 131–135.

12

Meerniksupra note 5 p. 591.

13

Meerniksupra note 4 p. 67. A similar concern was raised with sentencing at the ICTY see Meernik and King supra note 5 p. 718.

14

United Nations Resolutionsupra note 1 para. 7.

15

Kellersupra note 5 p. 54.

17

Hola et al.‘Is ICTY sentencing predictable’supra note 5 p. 82.

26

Hola et al.supra note 5 p. 754.

28

Sloanesupra note 5.

29

Kellersupra note 5 p. 64

30

Hola et al.‘Facts and figures’supra note 5 p. 414.

32

Cruvelliersupra note 4.

40

Beresfordsupra note 10 p. 53.

42

Hola et al.supra note 5 p. 749.

43

Statute of ICTRsupra note 19 at Article 23(2).

44

Drumblsupra note 41.

45

Sloanesupra note 5.

46

Statutesupra note 19 Article 23.

51

Statute of the ICTRsupra note 19 Article 6(2).

60

Statute of the ICTRsupra note 19 Article 3.

68

Statute of the ICTRsupra note 19 Article 6(3).

77

Blacksupra note 6.

104

Statute of the ICTRsupra note 19 at Article 23(2).

112

Meerniksupra note 5 p. 605.

114

United Nations Security Councilsupra note 1 para. 6.

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