Given that talk about “stakeholders” have become commonplace in international law and international relations, the authors examine some of the issues that arise from an account of the theoretical, jurisprudential, and doctrinal parameters that can be derived from competing frameworks. For the specific purpose of international criminal law, the authors concentrate on the single most important question: whether stakeholder applications constitute advantages or disadvantages in a philosophy of law approach to the rule of law. It appears that current matches with concepts, norms and strategies warrant, as a minimum, more critical reflection. Incorporating stakeholder applications from various UN-documents, the ambiguities and inadequacies of these – in comparison to non-UN alternatives and contemporary legal theory of an idealist and progressive orientation even seem to substantiate arguments against too close affiliations with the trend, especially because the separation thesis recently re-emerged in broad frameworks.
Freemansupra note 2 p. 53; Henry Shue Basic Rights: Subsistence Affluence and U.S. Foreign Policy (Princeton University Press Princeton 1980) p. 134.
Milton Friedman‘The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Its Profits’The New York Times Magazine13 September 1970 reprinted in Joseph R. DesJardins and John J. McCall Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics (Thomson/Wadsworth Belmont 2005).
Freemansupra note 2 p. 37; M. Cherif Bassiouni and Daniel Rothenberg ‘Facing Atrocity: The Importance of Guiding Principles on Post-Conflict Justice’ in M. Cherif Bassiouni (ed.) The Chicago Principles on Post-Conflict Justice (International Human Rights Law Institute et al 2007) p. 12.
Friedmansupra note 10 p. 2.
Chomskysupra note 44 p. 218.
Evan and Freemansupra note 8 p. 100.
Henkinsupra note 53 p. 286.
Bassiouniibid. p. 17.
Hartsupra note 13 pp. 191 194–195 197.
Bassiouni and Rothenbergsupra note 42 p. 4.
Bassiounisupra note 48 pp. 280–281 321; M. Cherif Bassiouni ‘Accountability for Violations of International Humanitarian Law and Other Serious Violations of Human Rights’ 1 The Global Community Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence(2001) 14–25; M. Cherif Bassiouni ‘The History of Universal Jurisdiction and Its Place in International Law’ in Stephen Macedo (ed.) Universal Jurisdiction: National Courts and the Prosecution of Serious Crimes under International Law (University of Pennsylvania Press Philadelphia PA 2004) pp. 39–64. Since “main perpetrators remain unpunished and free of guilt” the first obligation must accommodate prosecution and punishment. See Bassiouni The Philosophy and Policy supra note 41 p. 89.
Bassiounisupra note 85 p. 421.
Bassiounisupra note 48 p. 284. The time period that showed a “significant development of international institutions” coincides with the Cold War demands of realpolitik. See Bassiouni and Rothenberg supra note 42 pp. 5–6.