This article investigates the jurisdiction of Islamic law to international terrorism under the four Sunni schools of Islamic law. International terrorism refers to the following three cases: 1) terrorist acts committed outside of the Islamic state by its citizens; 2) terrorist acts committed outside the Islamic state by its non-citizens; and 3) terrorist acts committed inside the Islamic state by its non-citizens. It starts with studying the classical Muslim jurists’ tripartite division of the world into the ‘house of Islam’, ‘house of war’, and ‘house of peace’ to find out the boundaries of the jurisdiction of Islamic law and its position on the extradition of international terrorists. It examines the definition and elements of terrorism to find out the relevance of applying Islamic law to the modern form of acts of terrorism. It argues for the universal jurisdiction of Islamic law to acts of international terrorism.
Al-Dawoodysupra note 25 p. 180; Abū Zahrah supra note 26 pp. 248–249; ʻAbd al-Qādir ʻAwdah Al-Tashrīʻ al-Jinā’ī al-Islāmī: Muqāranā bi-al-Qānūn al-Waḍʻī 4th ed. (Cairo Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-ʻArabī 1985) Vol. 1 pp. 280–285; Maḥmūd Naguib Ḥusnī Al-Fiqh al-Jinā’ī al-Islāmī: Al-Jarīmah (Cairo Dār al-Nahḍah al-ʻArabiyyah 2007) pp. 192–194; Muḥammad Aḥmad al-Mashhadānī Al-Wajīz fī Sharḥ al-Tashrīʻ al-Jinā’ī fī al-Islām: Dirāsah Muqāranah maʻ al-Tashrīʻ al-Waḍʻī (Amman Mu’assasah al-Warrāq 2007) p. 206 f.
Abū Zahrahibid. p. 249.
Al-Dawoodysupra note 25 p. 136. See also al-Shaybānī supra note 34 p. 180; Abū Yūsuf supra note 34 p. 94 f.; Sobḥi Maḥmassani Al-Qānūn wa al-ʻAlāqāt al-Dawliyyah fī al-Islām (Beirut: Dār al-ʻIlm lil-Malāyīn 1972) p. 99; ʻAbd al-Qādir ʻAwdah Criminal Law of Islam trans. Zakir Aijaz (New Delhi Kitab Bhavan reprint 2005) Vol. I p. 336 f.; Abū Zahrah ibid. p. 245.
Al-Dawoodyibid. p. 180; Abū Zahrah ibid. p. 249; ʻAwdah supra note 31 Vol. 1 p. 285 f.; Ḥusnī supra note 31 p. 194 f.; al-Mashhadānī supra note 31 p. 207.