The Flotilla Case before the icc: The Need to Do Justice While Keeping Heaven Intact

in International Criminal Law Review
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This article analyses the decision of the icc Pre-Trial Chamber of 16 July 2015 in which it requested the Prosecutor to reconsider its decision not to initiate an investigation into the situation of the registered vessels of the Union of the Comoros, Greece and Cambodia. In 2010, the Israeli Defense Forces (idf) had intercepted a humanitarian aid flotilla that was trying to breach one of its naval blockades. The Prosecutor deemed the case of insufficient gravity to initiate an investigation. By requesting the Prosecutor to reconsider its decision, the Pre-Trial Chamber created a precedent vis-à-vis the boundaries of prosecutorial discretion. This article addresses the test of Article 53(1) icc Statute and inquires whether the Pre-Trial Chamber applied a correct standard of review. Whilst concluding that the Chamber erred in this standard, the authors introduce a standard of review that anticipates the interrelationship between prosecutorial discretion and judicial review.

The Flotilla Case before the icc: The Need to Do Justice While Keeping Heaven Intact

in International Criminal Law Review

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References

21

Bergsmo and Krugersupra note 17 p. 704.

28

Bergsmo and Krugersupra note 17 p. 712.

41

Gordon AnthonyJudicial Review in Northern Ireland (Oxford: Oxford University Press2008) p. 159.

44

Hilary DelanyJudicial Review of Administrative Action A Comparative Analysis (London: Round Hall Ltd.2001) pp. 54–55.

54

Aude BouveresseLe pouvoir discrétionnaire dans l’ordre juridique communautaire (Brussels: Établissements Emile Brylant2010) pp. 313–348.

58

Bergsmo and Krugersupra note 17 p. 706.

59

Didier RebutDroit pénal international (Paris: Dalloz2015) p. 651.

92

 See e.g. Margaret M. deGuzman‘Gravity and the Legitimacy of the International Criminal Court’Fordham International Law Journal 32/5 (2008) 1400–1465.

108

On 8 February 2010the icc ptc refused the confirm the charges against Mr Abu Garda see Prosecutor v. Abu Garda Case No. icc-02/05-02/09-243-Red Decision on the Confirmation of Charges 8 February 2010.

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