The European Union’s Passenger Name Record Data Directive 2016/681: Is it Fit for Purpose?

in International Criminal Law Review
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In 2016 the European Union (eu) introduced a Passenger Name Record Data (pnr) Directive. There has been controversy in the eu over the acquisition and sharing of pnr data, related mainly to the lack of safeguards and protection of personal data protection. This article examines these issues related to earlier eu pnr agreements with third countries and why previous eu attempts to legislate in this area failed. By drawing a comparison with the 2011 pnr Directive proposal, the article argues that by meeting the strict eu law on data protection as well as being necessary to assist in preventing and detecting acts of terrorism and serious crime it is submitted the 2016 Directive is fit for purpose and able to withstand scrutiny by the Court of Justice of the European Union.

The European Union’s Passenger Name Record Data Directive 2016/681: Is it Fit for Purpose?

in International Criminal Law Review

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References

3

European Commission (2011) ‘Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the use of Passenger Name Record data for the prevention detection investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime’ com(2011) 32 final online at <http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/news/intro/docs/com_2011_32_en.pdf> 5 May 2016.

5

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17

Rizersupra note 14 p. 78.

21

Kaunert et al.supra note 13 p. 484.

27

Kaunert et al.supra note 13 p. 485.

35

Pawlaksupra note 17 pp. 9–10.

36

M. Busuioc and M. Groenleer (2013) ‘Beyond Design: The Evolution of Europol and ­Eurojust’ 14(3) Perspectives of European Politics and Society 285–304 p. 293.

39

Argomanizsupra note 18 p. 130.

40

Tzanousupra note 37 p. 95.

41

Brouwersupra note 385 p. 4.

43

Tzanousupra note 37 p. 96.

46

Brouwersupra note 38 p.5.

53

Argomanizsupra note 18 p. 131.

55

Tzanousupra note 37 p. 99.

67

European Commissionsupra note 3 p. 10.

71

Greenwaldsupra note 70.

85

European Commission (2016) Reform of eu data protection rules online at <http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/reform/index_en.htm> 19 May 2016.

110

Schremssupra note 12 para. 73.

124

Treaty of Lisbon 2009Article 69g(2).

136

Directive 2016Article 3(9).

138

Busuioc and Groenleersupra note 36 p. 299.

151

Rizersupra note 10 p. 82.

152

Tzanousupra note 37 p. 100.

153

Argomanizsupra note 18 pp. 126–127.

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